The huge array of compatible F-mount lenses makes up the single largest scheme for flange-mount interchangeable photo lenses in history. Over 400 unique Nikkor lenses are congruent with this system. Additionally the F-mount has become quite popular in industrial and scientific applications, especially machine vision.
The Nikon F is one of just two camera lens mounts (the second is the Pentax K) which was not been deserted by their related manufacturers when autofocus was introduced, but rather expanded to meet new prerequisites in relation to aperture control,. metering, and autofocus.
The Nikon F is a class of interchangeable camera lens mount engineered by Nikon for their SLR 35mm cameras. The mount for the Nikon F was first announced for the Nikon F SLR camera during 1959, it includes a bayonet three lug camera mount containing a 44mm throat encompassing a focal plane to flange distance of 46.5mm.
Brands featuring F-mount camera lenses include Angénieux, Arsenal, Hartblei, Nikkor, Lensbaby, Kiev, Voigtländer, Schneider, Sigma, Tokina, Tamron, Vivitar, and Zeiss. F-mount interchangeable lens cameras include current versions from Horseman, Nikon,
and Sinar. Many other manufacturers use the F-mount for non-photographic imaging purposes.
The F-mount has a significant degree of both backward and forward compatibility. Many current
autofocus F-mount lenses can be used on the Nikon F, and the earliest manual-focus F-mount lenses of the 1960s and early 1970s can, with some modification, still be used to their fullest on all professional-class Nikon cameras. Incompatibilities do exist, however, and adventurous F-mount users should consult product documentation in order to avoid problems. For example, many electronic camera bodies cannot meter without a CPU enabled lens, the aperture of G designated lenses cannot be controlled without an electronic camera body, and non-AI lenses (manufactured prior to 1977) can cause mechanical damage to later model bodies unless they are modified to meet the AI specification.
A majority of Nikon F-mount camera lenses envelop the standard 36×24mm area identical to 135 film using the FX Nikon format, however Nikon lenses with the DX designation cover only the 24×16mm area of the DX Nikon format, while F-mount lenses for industrial use employ an array of
coverage's. "DX" lenses may generate vignetting when mounted on film SLR cameras. Although, Nikon lenses created for film SLR cameras work just fine on Nikon DSLR cameras with a few limitations.
Initially all Nikon camera lenses and bodies were fabricated in Japan. Although, since 1991, increasing numbers of higher-production-volume (mainly consumer camera lenses and bodies) has been moved to production locations in China and Thailand.
Manual focus lens featuring "Automatic Indexing" light meter connection, unveiled in 1977. Supplementing the pre-AI meter prong, also an AI lens adds a ridge to the aperture ring that programs the aperture setting in relation to the maximum aperture, plus includes a post on the mounting flange which encodes the maximum aperture value. Lenses designated Series AF, E, and AI-S, all incorporate the attributes of AI. AI - Aperture Indexing: AI-E 1979, AI-S 1982, and AI-P 1988 which includes an integrated CPU.
Secondly, AI-S lenses having a 135mm or longer focal length are signified by a unique rim on the lens's mount (employed by the F4, F501, and FA exclusively). When the CPU-facilitate AI-P and the AF lens was developed it signified that no later model cameras would need these features, even though the linear aperture manipulation of AI-S still has its advantages over the in-consistent controls of AI & pre-AI Nikkor lenses.
Now the acronym AI-S is regularly used to identify manual focus Nikon lenses, even though all Nikkor autofocus lenses featuring aperture rings also encompass the AI-S specifications. Nikon unwrapped the AUTO INDEXING SHUTTER (AIS) lens In 1981 although no Nikon camera could make use of the AIS features until 1983 when the FA was introduced.
AIS lenses resemble AI lenses, but their minimum f/stop is marked with orange lettering. The current collection of Nikon AF camera bodies does not distinguish between AI , AI'd, or AIS lenses by way of attributes or metering alternatives (the F4 did so, but it has long been discontinued).
Correcting this issue for
telephoto lenses in the past required unique optical elements that provide anomalous dispersion distinctiveness, in particular calcium fluoride crystals.
Conversely, fluorite cracks easily and is susceptible to variations in temperature which can have a negative affect on focusing by varying the lens refractive pointers.
So Nikon conceived ED glass, which provides all the advantages, but none of the shortcomings of calcium fluorite-derived glass. As a consequence to this innovation, Nikon created a number of forms of ED glass appropriate for a variety of lenses. They dispense stunning crispness and contrast even wide open. In this way, the Nikon ED lenses epitomize Nikon’s dominance in lens originality and accomplishment.
If photography is either a profession or a hobby, take a look at the Nikon film cameras. The Nikon
35mm film cameras are really good for the probe photographer for a number of reasons. The foremost
argument is that photography becomes a quite expensive venture, while anyone who routinely practices photography will quickly let you know. Most Nikon SLR film cameras are not overly expensive for a photographer just starting out. The number two reason is that, although Nikon SLR film cameras are inexpensive, they still deliver very high quality, especially for their price bracket, and give you the benefits in certain photography aspects. Reason number three is that, although these cameras employ film, their photos can still rival or exceed the digital picture quality, and are better suited for those just starting out in photography.
* Tilt+shift movement. Other models shift-only.
In 1962, Nikon announced the first interchangeable lens with perspective control available for any SLR camera, which was a 35mm f/3.5 PC. It was followed up in 1968 by an updated 35mm f/2.8 PC design. It was engineered to position the shifting part of the lens further away from the camera's body, as a way to not touch the brand new "Photomic" meters. The last optical update of this 35mm PC lens was released in 1980.
This 35mm Nikkor PC did not meet photographers needs for an even wider lens, so during July 1975 Nikon announced a 28mm f/4 PC. Subsequently February 1981 Nikon announced an updated rendition, a 28mm f/3.5 Nikkor PC, with a brand new optical layout. This became the last one of the manual only PC-Nikkor lenses to be built.
There are currently 3 different Nikkor PC lenses available: The PC-E 24mm f/3.5D, a PC-E Micro 45mm f/2.8D and the PC-E Micro 85mm f/2.8D Micro lenses provide 1:2 close focus for macro photography. The "E" designates there's an electromagnetic diaphragm) providing automatic aperture control when used with with the D3, D3x, D300 and D700 Nikon cameras. On earlier Nikon cameras, the PC-E lens functions the same as a PC len, while. the PC Micro 85 mm f/2.8D provides just preset aperture control, operated by mechanically pressing a plunger.
Zeiss ZF and lenses are manual-focus designs with Nikon AI-S
type aperture indexing. They are manufactured by
Cosina to Zeiss specifications. Some lenses are also
available in special ZF-I and ZF-IR versions. ZF-I lenses have
mechanical locks for focus and aperture, and additional
environmental sealing, for industrial applications. ZF-IR lenses
are designed for
infrared imaging, with coatings that transmit wavelengths up
to 1100nm, and focus scales marked for infrared.
Cosina Co., Ltd (a small Japanese optics firm who also makes lenses with the
Zeiss-brand). Cosina began
manufacturing cameras and lenses rebranded as Voigtländer in
back in 1999, when the new M39 mount and lenses were introduced.
Since then Cosina has manufactured an immense variety of
Voigtlanders lenses for the Leica M mount, Leica S rangefinder
mount. M39x26,Nikon and SL Voigtländer mount. SL lenses are all
manual-focus designs, while the Nikon AI-S designs feature
aperture indexing. These lenses were discontinued when the Zeiss
ZF lenses were introduced..
Schneider-Kreuznach, well known for its optical photography lens manufacturing, has signed on with Micro Four Thirds. They believe this standard offers a great promise. The options for digital compact cameras becomes simplified and offers a tremendous opportunity for the camera industry overall, along with for lens manufacturers. They are intensively at work on a
compatible array of lenses. There’s no more information available on what the initial Schneider-Kreuznach labeled Micro Four Thirds lenses might consist of, or when they'll be announced.
Sigma offers a number of less expensive alternatives, and they do not equate to lower quality and image features. At times getting the Sigma is well worth the money, particullarly a Sigma with the EX designation. EX lenses have a propensity to encompass great build and image features. Sigma is also reknown for it's standard primes such as the 30mm and 50mm lenses. In certain focal lengths like in the 100-500mm series, Sigma has an illustrious collection featuring affordable prices and engineering not found in Canon or Nikon lenses.
Nearly all Sigma lenses are manufactured in mounts for
Pentax and of
Tamron Co., Ltd. (株式会社タムロン ,Kabushiki-gaisha Tamuron?) (TYO: 7740) a Japanese company
that manufactures photographic lenses, optical components and commercial/industrial-use optics. Sony is a major shareholder in the company and the two companies have worked together on
a number of
Sony-brand lenses for the Sony α series of digital SLR cameras.
Tamron makes lens to fit
Canon DSLR Cameras,
Nikon DSLR Cameras,
Olympus DSLR Cameras,
Pentax DSLR Cameras, and
Sony DSLR Cameras.
Tamron manufactures digital lenses for SLR cameras such as Canon,
Nikon, Sony, Minolta, Olympus, etc. The company specializes on lens production
only. These lenses are very popular among professional photographers
Tokina was founded by a group of Nikon engineers who left Nikon to concentrate on the development of high-quality zoom lenses, which were rare at the time. Originally an OEM manufacturer only, in the early 1970s they began selling lenses under their own Tokina brand. Kenko Co., Ltd. (株式会社ケンコー ,Kabushiki-gaisha Kenkō?)
a Japanese manufacturer and trading company of photographic
accessories, especially known for its filters has been producing conversion lenses since the 1960s
now produces camera lenses under the Tokina brand name. Tokina's glass is made by Hoya Corporation, the world's largest producer of optical glass