DSLR Lenses Made Specifically for APS-C
Advanced Photo System. Also called "APS-C". Many variants exist. APS-C film
measures 25.1 x 16.7 mm, Sony's APS-C measures 21.5 x 14.4 mm, Nikon "DX"
sensors measure 23.7 x 15.7 mm, while Canon has several (smaller and larger)
variants, e.g. 22.2 x 14.8 mm and 28.7 x 19.1 mm.
Image Sensors meeting these approximate dimensions are used in many
digital single-lens reflex cameras, in addition to a few large-sensored live-preview digital cameras (such as the Sony DSC-R1 and the Sigma DP1) and a few digital rangefinders (e.g. the Epson R-D1). Such sensors exist in many different variants depending on the manufacturer and camera model. All APS-C variants are considerably smaller than
35 mm standard film which measures 36×24 mm. Sensor sizes range from 20.7×13.8 mm to 28.7×19.1 mm. Each variant results in a slightly
different angle of view from lenses at the same focal length and overall a much narrower angle of view compared to 35 mm film.
Nikon D80, a typical APS-C format camera.
Drawing showing the relative sizes of
sensors used in most current digital cameras.
Most DSLR and third party lens manufacturers now make lenses specifically designed for APS-C cameras. The designations by brand include:
A crop factor (sometimes referred to as a "focal length multiplier", even though the actual focal length is the same) can be used to calculate the
35 mm equivalent focal length from the actual focal length. The most common multiplier ratios (in order of announcements):
↑ - A 1.3× Focal Length Multiplier is also known as APS-H. Actual multiplier factor is 1.25x, though commonly referred to as 1.3x
- 1.7× — Sigma SD14, Sigma SD10, Sigma SD9, Canon EOS DCS 3*
- 1.6× — Canon EOS 50D, 1000D, 40D, 400D, 30D, 450D, 20Da, 350D, 20D*, 300D*, 10D*, D60*, D30*
- 1.53× — Pentax *istD*, Pentax *istDs*, Pentax *istDs2*, Pentax *istDL*, Pentax *istDL2*, Pentax K100D*, Pentax K100D Super*, Pentax K10D, Pentax K20D, Pentax K200D
- 1.5× — all Nikon DSLR cameras except the D3,
Sony (except for the α 900), and Konica Minolta DSLR cameras.
- 1.3x↑ — Canon EOS-1D Mark III, 1D Mark II (and Mark II N), EOS-1D*, Kodak DCS 460*
APS-C lens formats
Both Canon and
Nikon have developed and designed lenses specifically for their cameras with a multiplier factor (also known as crop).
The outer, red box displays what a 24×36 mm sensor would see, the inner, blue box displays what a 15×23 mm sensor would see. The actual image circle of most lenses designed for 35 mm SLR format is somewhat larger than shown; the circle shown is the minimum to cover the corners of the film format
Canon introduced the Canon EF-S line of lenses
in 2003 alongside the 300D. These lenses place the rear of the lens closer to the camera's sensor (referred to as short back focus). This has several benefits, including increasing the focal range. It also has drawbacks. The lenses are not compatible with any other Canon camera line (such as the EOS 5D or the 1D and 1Ds or any other film EOS camera).
Canon cameras that can use the EF-S mount include all entry-level
Rebel series models and mid-range (xxD)
Canon EOS digital bodies introduced after 2003 (this excludes the D30, D60, and 10D). These cameras support conventional 35 mm lenses as well.
Nikon has their DX format for their line of APS-C digital cameras. These can be mounted to the
D3, D3X and
D700 models but only at 5 megapixels (compared the native output of 12 megapixels).