Printer Inks and Toners

Printer Inks and Toners

Liquid inkjet printers
Inkjet printers work by propelling variable sized liquid or molten ink droplets onto practically any sized paper. They are the more typical of computer printer types employed by consumers. The photo-quality ink jets of today feature DPI resolution from (1200 to 4800dpi). They will provide you with acceptable photo print quality using images containing 140-200ppi resolution, plus produce high quality prints using images containing 200-300ppi resolution.

The inkjet cartridge are replaceable components of inkjet printers that holds the ink (and with some printers, the print head also) that is transferred onto paper during the printing. process Each ink cartridge encloses one or more divided ink reservoirs; some manufacturers additionally include electronic contacts plus a chip to provide information to the printer.

Ink Cartridges

The majority of consumer inkjet printers, like the ones produced by Canon, Lexmark and HP (although not Epson) employ a thermal inkjet; in each ink reservoir partition there is a heat element containing a tiny metal resistor or plate. When signal is received from the printer, a small current then flows through the resistor or metal warming it up, while the ink closely surrounding the warmed up plate turns into vapor inside a miniature air bubble within the nozzle. Consequently, the total ink volume becomes greater than the nozzle volume. A droplet of ink is then forced from the cartridge nozzle and onto the paper. The entire process happens in a few milliseconds.

Printing is dependent upon smooth ink flow, which can become hampered if the ink starts to dry up from the print head, which can occur when ink levels get low. Dried up ink can be removed from a print head cartridge by gentle swabbing using isopropyl alcohol on or wipe with folded paper towel.

The ink also behaves as a coolant by protecting the heating elements of the metal-plate - when the ink source is used-up, and printing is tried, the thermal cartridge heating elements often burn out, with resulting permanent print head damage. As the ink initially starts to run low, is the time refill or replace the cartridge, to avoid unnecessary overheating damage of the print head

Dye-sublimation uses a heat transfer printing process to move the dye to paper, a plastic card, or canvas. The process is typically lays down one color at a time employing a color panel ribbon. Dye-sub is primarily intended for high-quality color applications, including color photography; and not as well-matched for text printing. Although once the realm of higher-end commercial print shops, the dye-sublimation printers have now become increasingly employed as dedicated photo printers for consumers.

Toner Based Laser printers
A laser printer quickly prints high quality graphics and text. Similar to digital photocopiers or multifunction printers, laser printers use a xerographic printing procedure, although they not the same as an analog photocopiers as the image is created by scanning directly using a laser beam along the photoreceptor of the printer.

Every Epson printer uses a piezoelectric crystal within each nozzle in place of a typical heating element. As current is employed, the crystal changes its size or shape, forcing an ink droplet from the nozzle. Thus allowing inks which with a bad reaction to heat, to be used which can create a smaller drop of ink thermal inkjet schemes in some situations.

Ink cartridges are normally more costly than consumers might hope, sometimes a substantial portion of the printer cost. To save on costs, many people use third party ink cartridges obtained from a someone other than the original printer manufacturer. The high cartridge cost has also provided a counterfeiter market to create cartridges using a false claim of being created by the original company. Another alternative is modifications to an original cartridge providing for continuous ink systems using external ink tanks to be used Others use aftermarket type inks, refilling their cartridges by using a kit which includes bulk ink.

A few printer manufacturers chip up their ink cartridges to interrelate with the printer, stopping any printing as ink level become low, or if an ink cartridge was refilled. One researcher employed by "Which?" magazine over-rode an interlock system and discovered that in one instance he could print as much as 38% more decent quality pages, subsequent to the chip implying the cartridge contained no ink In 2003, In the U.K., ink cost became the topic of an Office of Fair Trading investigation, over Which? magazine pointing a finger at manufacturers over a not having any transparency over ink prices and asked for an industry wide standard for determining ink cartridge performance Which? remarked that HP color cartridges more than seven times per milliliter than did 1985 Dom Perignon

Consumers are often shocked at the replacement cost of their printer ink cartridges, particularly when compared with buying a new printer. In some cases it may even be less expensive to purchase a new printer each time you become out of the gratis ink that initially comes with the printer. The main printer manufacturers - Canon, Brother, Hewlett Packard, Dell, Lexmark, and Epson - employ a "razor & blades" business style, many times just breaking even or even losing money selling their printers and expecting to turn a profit by marketing cartridges over the printer's lifetime. As a great part of the printer makers' profits come from toner and ink cartridge sales, several of these printer companies have gone after aftermarket cartridges companies with various actions

Refills and third Party Replacements
As printer cartridges made by the original printer manufacturer are often costly, there's a demand for less expensive third party alternatives. These include cartridge refill kits,, ink marketed in bulk, remanufactured cartridges, machines located in shops that refill cartridges automatically, and cartridges manufactured by someone other than the initial printer brand company.

Consumers may also refill their ink cartridges themselves by using a kit, or have the cartridge refilled by remanufacturer allowing ink to be thrust back into the empty cartridge. PC World did a report reports showing refilled cartridges have a higher rates of failure, print less pages over new cartridges, and reveal more on-page issues such as curling, streaking, and color bleeding. New Article Aug 12, 2011

Use the Printer Ink & Toner Toner Finder to find replacement printer ink.

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