The Volvo Group is a Swedish multinational manufacturing organization with its headquarters in Gothenburg. While its center focus is the manufacture, distribution and trucks, busses and construction equipment sales, Volvo additionally provides marine and industrial drive systems and financial services. In spite of the fact that the two firms are still regularly conflated,
Volvo Cars, also with headquarters in Gothenburg, has been a separate organization since Ford Motor Company acquired it in 1999. The organizations still share the Volvo logo and co-operate in operating the Volvo Museum.
Volvo was founded in 1915 as a SKF subsidiary, a ball bearing producer; however the Volvo Group and Volvo Cars see themselves as to have been formally created April 14, 1927, when their first automobile, the Volvo ÖV 4 arrangement, tenderly known as "Jakob", rolled off of the Hisingen, Gothenburg. assembly line.
In Latin, Volvo means "I roll". conjugated from "volvere", referring to ball bearings. The Volvo brand was initially trademarked in May 1911 with the aim to be utilized for a new SKF ball bearing series. .
In 1924, Assar Gabrielsson, a sales manager at SKF, and engineer Gustav Larson, the two partners, chose to begin development of a Swedish automobile. Their vision was to construct autos that could withstand the rigors of the nation's icy temperatures and rough roads.
The European Union thwarted a merger with Scania AB in 1999. Volvo Group also sold its Volvo Car Corporation to Ford Motor Company that same year for $6.45 billion. The division became part of Ford's Premier Automotive Group alongside Aston Martin, Jaguar and Land Rover. Volvo engineering assets and components were utilized as a part of various Aston Martin, Ford, and Land Rover vehicles, and the second generation Land Rover Freelander engineered on the second generation Volvo S80 platform. The Volvo T5 engine was utilized for the Ford Focus ST and RS performance versions, and Volvo's satellite navigation system was utilized on some Aston Martin Vanquish, DB9 and V8 Vantage models.
In 2010, Ford sold the Volvo Car Corporation to Chinese
Geely Automobile for $1.8 billion. The came after Ford's 2007 Aston Martin sale, and 2008 sale of Jaguar Land Rover.
Volvo Full Size
Volvo 940/960 (1990-1998)
2016 Volvo S80
The Volvo 900 Series is a range of executive cars produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1990 to 1998. The 900 Series was introduced in 1990 to replace the 700 Series from which it derived. Prior to the end of its production, the 960 was renamed as the Volvo S90 (saloon) and Volvo V90 (estate), and the 940 was renamed 940 Classic, becoming the last rear-wheel-drive cars from Volvo.
Volvo S80 (1998-2016)
2019 Volvo XC60
The Volvo S80 is an executive car produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1998 to 2016 across two generations. It took the place of the rear-wheel-drive S90 as Volvo's flagship sedan.
The first generation (1998–2006) was made available for the 1999 model year. It has since been built at the Torslanda Works in Gothenburg, Sweden, with a few 1999 model year cars for the North American market built at Volvo's Halifax Assembly plant. Unlike most Volvo models, it did not have a station wagon version for its first generation.
Volvo ÖV 4 (1927-1929)
1927 Volvo ÖV 4
Volvo ÖV 4 is the first car built by Volvo. The designation ÖV 4 stands for "Öppen Vagn 4 cylindrar" in Swedish, which means Open Carriage 4 cylinders. The model ÖV 4 was often referred to as "Jakob" but that was just a name for one of the 10 pre-series ÖV 4 that was ready on 25 July, Jakob's name-day. All 10 prototypes were assembled in Stockholm at the company AB Galco, Hälsingegatan 41 where Gustav Larson worked at that time. Only one of the 10 pre-series cars manufactured during 1926 was saved for posterity and is housed at the Volvo Museum in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Volvo PV Series (1928-1965)
Volvo PV650 (1929-1937)
1929 Volvo PV650
The Volvo PV650 Series is an automobile manufactured by Volvo between 1929 and 1937. The model name stand for PersonVagn ("passenger car"), 6 cylinders, 5 seats; the third digit indicates the version.
Volvo PV36 (1935-1938)
1935 Volvo PV36 Carioca
The Volvo PV 36 Carioca is a luxury car manufactured by Volvo Cars between 1935 and 1938. The word Carioca describes someone from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and was also the name of a dance that was fashionable in Sweden at the time when the car was introduced.
Visually the car was styled similarly to the then strikingly modern Chrysler Airflow. Volvo styling was heavily influenced by North American auto-design trends in the 1930s and 1940s, many of the company's senior engineers having previously worked in the US Auto-industry.
Volvo PV51 (1936-1945)
1939 Volvo PV54
The Volvo PV51 is an automobile introduced by Volvo in December 1936. It was replaced by the mildly restyled PV53 in 1938. This car remained in production until the end of the Second World War.
1943 Volvo PV444
1953 Volvo PV444
The PV444 was Volvo's first uni-body car. Its body structure was influenced by the 1939 Hanomag 1,3 litre, which was purchased and studied by Volvo engineers. It was also the first Volvo in almost 20 years to come with a 4-cylinder engine (earlier models had used side-valve straight sixes). The first PV444s were powered by a 40 PS 1.4 L inline-four engine designated the B4B, with three main bearings, overhead valves, and a single downdraft carburettor.
In 1958, the PV544 was phased in. Subtle differences with the PV444 included the introduction of a curved one-piece windshield to replace the two panes of flat glass, larger taillights, and a ribbon-type speedometer. The 444's 3-speed manual transmission was also supplanted by a 4-speed unit in the 544.
The next significant change occurred in 1962, when the B16 was replaced by Volvo's new B18 engine, initially developed for the P1800 sports car introduced the previous year.
Volvo Amazon 120/223 (1956-1970)
1965 Volvo 121
1966 Volvo 131
The Volvo Amazon was a mid-size car manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars from 1956 to 1970 and introduced in the USA as the 122S at the New York International Auto Show in April 1959.
Volvo 140 Series (1966-1974)
1966 Volvo 140
The Volvo 140 Series is a line of mid-size cars manufactured and marketed by Volvo from 1966 to 1974 in two- and four-door sedan (models 142 and 144 respectively) as well as five door station wagon (model 145) body styles—with numerous intermediate facelifts. More than a million Volvo 140s were built
Volvo 200 Series (1974-1993)
1974 Volvo 240
The Volvo 200 series was a range of mid-size cars produced by Volvo Cars from 1974 to 1993, with more than 2.8 million units sold worldwide. Like the Volvo 140 Series from which it was developed, it was designed by Jan Wilsgaard. It overlapped production of the Volvo 700 Series introduced in 1982. As the 240 remained popular, only the 260 was displaced by the 700 series — which Volvo marketed alongside the 240 for another decade. The 700 series was replaced a year before the 240 was discontinued. Production of the 240 ended on 14 May 1993 after nearly 20 years.
Volvo 700 Series (1984-1992)
1984 Volvo 760 GLE
The Volvo 700 series is a range of executive cars produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1982 to 1992. The 700 series was introduced in 1982 with the luxurious 760, followed two years later by the lower priced 740 which capitalized on the prestige attained by the very similar 760. The 700 series was then gradually replaced, beginning in 1990, by the 900 series. The 700, designed by Jan Wilsgaard, was originally to have been a replacement for the 200 series, but production of that model continued until the early nineties. The expensive 780, a Bertone-designed coupé version, entered production in 1986 and departed without a direct successor only four years later.
Volvo S90/V90 (2017-present)
2019 Volvo S90
The Volvo S90 is a mid-size luxury sedan manufactured and marketed by Swedish automaker Volvo Cars since 2016. Its estate variant is called the Volvo V90.
For the 2017 model year (the first model year) a short and long wheelbase sedan as well as an estate model were made available. For 2017, the short wheelbase model was sold in North America and Europe, the long wheelbase model was primarily sold in China.
Volvo 850 (1992-1997)
1992 Volvo 850
The Volvo 850 is a compact executive car that was produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1991 to 1997. Designed by Jan Wilsgaard, the car was introduced in a saloon body style; an estate style was introduced in 1993.
Volvo S70 (1996-2000)
1998 Volvo S70
The Volvo S70 was a compact executive car produced by Volvo Cars from 1996 to 2000. The S70 was essentially a facelifted 850 saloon. The S70 was replaced with the Volvo S60.
Volvo S60/V60 (2000-2018),(2018-present)
2012 Volvo S60
The Volvo S60 is a compact luxury sedan manufactured and marketed by Volvo since 2000 and is now in its third generation.
The first generation (2000–2009) was launched in autumn of 2000 in order to replace the S70 and was based on the P2 platform. It had a similar designed estate version called Volvo V70 and a sports version called S60 R. Styling clues were taken from the ECC concept car and the S80.
The second generation (2010–2018) was released in 2010 for the 2011 model year and has its own estate version, known as the Volvo V60.
Volvo S40/V40 (2012-present)
2012 Volvo S40
The Volvo S40 is a small family car (C-segment in Europe) manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars since 2012. It was unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show and has been on sale in Europe since May 2012, and the United Kingdom since August 2012.
Volvo Hybrid Electric
Volvo S90 T8 plug-in hybrid (2016-present)
2018 Volvo S90 T8 Hybrid
The S90 T8 plug-in hybrid is talented at jolting you back into your seat. With 400 horsepower and 472 pound-feet of torque, the nearly 4,600-pound sedan can scoot to 60 miles per hour in 4.8 seconds. On its own, the turbocharged and supercharged, 2.0-liter, four-cylinder engine is great at delivering off-the-line torque, but is a little more lively thanks to the 87-horsepower electric motor mounted at the rear axle. All that instant, electric power is especially useful if you need to dart ahead of traffic to make a lane change after the signal turns green.
Volvo Polestar (2020-present)
2020 Volvo Polestar 2
Polestar, the EV and performance division of Volvo, has taken the wraps of its 2020 Polestar 2 model, a midsize 5-door liftback that will begin production
in early 2020 for sale in North America, China and select European markets. The new electric car is targeting a 275-mile EPA range with its 78-kWh lithium ion battery pack and touts sub-5-second 0-62 mph performance with its output of 408 horsepower and 487 lb-ft of torque from its dual electric motors driving all four wheels.
Volvo Sports Cars
Volvo 1800 Series (1961-1973)
1962 Volvo P1800
The Volvo P1800 is a 2+2, front-engine, rear-drive sports car manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars between 1961-1973. Originally a coupe (1961–1971), it was altered into a shooting-brake for the duration of its production (1972-1973). Styling was by Pelle Petterson under the tutelage of Pietro Frua when Frua's studio was a subsidiary of the prestigious Italian carrozzeria Ghia, and mechanicals derived from Volvo's dependable Amazon/122 series.
Volvo Crossovers, Suvs
XC60 (2008-2017), 2017-present
2019 Volvo XC60
The Volvo XC60 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by Swedish automaker Volvo Cars since 2008. It is now in its second generation.
The XC60 is part of Volvo's 60 Series of automobiles, along with the S60, S60 Cross Country, V60, and V60 Cross Country. The first generation model introduced a new style for the 60 Series models. Along with the rest of the lineup, the first-generation XC60 was refreshed in 2013. Similarly, the second-generation model, released in 2017, is the first in the series
XC Classic XC90 (2014-2016)
2014 Volvo XC90
The Volvo XC90 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars since 2002 and now in its second generation.
The first generation was introduced at the 2002 North American International Auto Show and used the Volvo P2 platform shared with the first generation Volvo S80 and other large Volvo cars. It was manufactured at Volvo's Torslandaverken. Volvo moved production equipment of the first generation to China and ended Swedish production at the end of 2014, renaming the car as the Volvo XC Classic (or Volvo XC90 Classic).
2019 Volvo XC40
The Volvo XC40 is a subcompact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by Volvo Cars. It was revealed on 21 September 2017. Orders started in September of 2017 and manufacturing began in November 2017.
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Volvo XC90 Scale Model Shown
Approx. 7-1/2" Long
Scaled replicas of cars and trucks
Die-cast metal body with plastic details
Opening doors on all - some with opening hoods and trunks
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