Fuji Heavy Industries is the parent organization of Subaru. The Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster is Subaru, which inspired the Subaru logo and suggests the six organizations that merged to make up FHI.
Subaru autos are known for the utilization of a boxer engine format in most of their vehicles over 1500 cc. Most Subaru models have utilized the Symmetrical All Wheel drive-train design since 1972. By 1996, the flat boxer motor and all-wheel-drive were standard equipment for mid size and smaller autos in most global markets, and has become standard in Subaru vehicles in North American markets. The solitary exception is the BRZ, presented in 2012, which utilizes the boxer motor however utilizes rear wheel-drive. Turbocharged passenger cars, like, the Impreza WRX and the Legacy 2.5GT are also available. The 2.5XT trims on the Outback and Forester also incorporate a turbocharged engine.
The first car manufactured by
Subaru was the 1500, using the development code-name of P1. The model utilized a monocoque body structure and featured "ponton" style appearance, with a independent front wishbone suspension and rear leaf springs using three plates and a live rear axle.
The 1.5 liter four-cylinder OHV engine,using the "FG4A" code name was sourced from the Peugeot 202, and manufactured by Fuji Precision Technology, later to become the Prince Motor Company. The FG4A motor had ties to the Prince GA4 with some modifications, and was used in the Prince Sedan manufactured in 1952. The 1500 looks similar to the Peugeot 403. An alternate motor was produced in-house by Fuji Heavy Industries, using the code name "L4-1" which was also a 1.5 liter OHV motor, but 20 percent lighter than the previous engine. The "P-1" was water-cooled and utilized a four-cylinder inline motor.
Subaru 1500 (1954)
1954 Subaru 1500
The first vehicle built by the automotive division of Fuji Heavy Industries was called the Subaru 1500, with the development code-name of P1. The prototype used a monocoque body structure and adopting the "ponton" style appearance, with an independent front wishbone suspension and a rear leaf spring suspension with three plates and a live rear axle.
Subaru 360 (1958-1971)
1958 Subaru 360
The Subaru 360 is a rear-engined, two-door city car manufactured and marketed from 1958 to 1971 by Subaru. As the company's first automobile, production reached 392,000 over its 12-year model run.
Subaru 1000 (1966-1969)
1967 Subaru 1000
The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification starting in 1966. Previous Subaru models such as the Subaru 360 and the Sambar had been rear-engined, rear wheel drive kei cars.
Subaru FF-1 Star (1969–1973)
1969 Subaru FF-1 Star
The Subaru FF-1 Star was a development of the original front wheel drive Subaru, the 1000. The FF-1 was marketed as the Star in the United States in 1970 and 1971 model years, and was replaced by the FF-1 G in 1972 but remained in production in some markets until 1973. There were coupe, sedan, and station wagon models available. This model only came with the EA-61 engine and four-speed manual transmission.
Subaru Legacy (1989–present) - Six Generations
1989 Subaru Legacy Wagon
1995 Subaru Legacy Wagon
2010 Subaru Legacy GT
2016 Subaru Legacy
The Subaru Legacy is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru since 1989. The maker's flagship car, it is unique in its class for offering all wheel drive as a standard feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine. The Legacy bears the name Liberty in Australia out of deference to Legacy Australia, an organisation dedicated to caring for the families of military service veterans.
Subaru Outback (1994–present) Five Generations
1994 Subaru Outback
2019 Subaru Outback
The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon (1994–present), the Outback; and an Impreza-derived hatchback, the Outback Sport (1994-2011).
2018 Subaru Outback Wagon
Many versions of the Outback wagon and Outback Sport have either had all-wheel drive as an option or standard equipment.
Subaru Levorg (2014-present)
2015 Subaru Levorg
The Subaru Levorg is a mid-size car manufactured since 2014 by Subaru. According to the company, the name Levorg is a portmanteau of three words, LEgacy, reVOlution, touRinG The Levorg shares its platform with the Impreza, Legacy and WRX.
Subaru Leone (1971–1994)
1978 Subaru Leone GL 1600 Wagon
1985 Subaru Wagon
Also called DL/GL, Loyale, Omega, L-Series, GL-10, RX, Isuzu Geminett II
The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Subaru from 1971 to 1994. The word leone is Italian for lion.
It was released as a replacement to the Subaru 1000 and was the predecessor to the Subaru Impreza. All Leones were powered by the Subaru EA boxer engine. Most cars were equipped with optional four-wheel drive. At the time of its introduction, the Leone was Subaru's top model until 1989, when the larger Legacy was introduced.
Subaru Impreza (1992–present) - Four Generations
1993 Subaru Impreza
2015 Subaru Impreza
2019 Subaru Impreza
The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that has been manufactured since 1992 by Subaru, introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessor's EA series engines replaced by the new EJ series.
Subaru Sports Cars
Subaru BRZ (2012–present)
2012 Subaru BRZ
2019 Subaru BRZ
The Toyota 86 is a 2+2 sports car jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru, manufactured at Subaru's Gunma assembly plant — along with a badge engineered variant, marketed as the Subaru BRZ.
The 2+2 fastback coupé is noted for its naturally-aspirated boxer engine, front-engined, rear-wheel-drive configuration, 50/50 front/rear weight balance and low center of gravity — and for drawing inspiration from Toyota's earlier AE86, a small, light, front-engine/rear-drive Corolla variant widely popular for Showroom Stock, Group A, and Group N, Rally, Club and drift racing.
Subaru SUV, MOV, Crossover
Subaru Ascent (2018-present)
2019 Subaru Ascent
The Subaru Ascent is a mid-size crossover SUV made by Subaru. It is the largest automobile Subaru manufactures. The seven or eight-seat passenger SUV, with the design based on the VIZIV-7 concept, made its debut at the LA Auto Show on November 28, 2017. The Ascent became available in the third quarter of 2018.
Subaru Forester (1997–present)
1997 Subaru Forester
2015 Subaru Forester
2019 Subaru Forester
The Subaru Forester is a compact crossover SUV manufactured since 1997 by Subaru. Available in Japan from 1997, the Forester shares its platform with the Impreza. It has been awarded Motor Trend's 2009 and 2014 SUV of the Year and The Car Connection's Best Car To Buy 2014.
Subaru Coupe Utility
Subaru Brat (1978-1994)
1978 Subaru Brat
1993 Subaru Brat
The Subaru BRAT, short for "Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter", known outside Canada and the United States as the 284 in the United Kingdom, Brumby in Australia, and Shifter, MV, or Targa in other markets, is a light duty, four-wheel drive coupé utility, sold from 1978 to 1994. It was an export-only model, never being officially sold in Japan. Due to this, the BRAT became a popular grey import vehicle in Japan.
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