Fuji Heavy Industries is the parent organization of Subaru. The Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster is Subaru, which inspired the Subaru logo and suggests the six organizations that merged to make up FHI.
Subaru autos are known for the utilization of a boxer engine format in most of their vehicles over 1500 cc. Most Subaru models have utilized the Symmetrical All Wheel drive-train design since 1972. By 1996, the flat boxer motor and all-wheel-drive were standard equipment for mid size and smaller autos in most global markets, and has become standard in Subaru vehicles in North American markets. The solitary exception is the BRZ, presented in 2012, which utilizes the boxer motor however utilizes rear wheel-drive. Turbocharged passenger cars, like, the Impreza WRX and the Legacy 2.5GT are also available. The 2.5XT trims on the Outback and Forester also incorporate a turbocharged engine.
The first car manufactured by
Subaru was the 1500, using the development code-name of P1. The model utilized a monocoque body structure and featured "ponton" style appearance, with a independent front wishbone suspension and rear leaf springs using three plates and a live rear axle.
The 1.5 liter four-cylinder OHV engine,using the "FG4A" code name was sourced from the Peugeot 202, and manufactured by Fuji Precision Technology, later to become the Prince Motor Company. The FG4A motor had ties to the Prince GA4 with some modifications, and was used in the Prince Sedan manufactured in 1952. The 1500 looks similar to the Peugeot 403. An alternate motor was produced in-house by Fuji Heavy Industries, using the code name "L4-1" which was also a 1.5 liter OHV motor, but 20 percent lighter than the previous engine. The "P-1" was water-cooled and utilized a four-cylinder inline motor.
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Subaru 1500 (1954)
1954 Subaru 1500
The first vehicle built by the automotive division of Fuji Heavy Industries was called the Subaru 1500, with the development code-name of P1. The prototype used a monocoque body structure and adopting the "ponton" style appearance, with an independent front wishbone suspension and a rear leaf spring suspension with three plates and a live rear axle.
Subaru 360 (1958-1971)
1958 Subaru 360
The Subaru 360 is a rear-engined, two-door city car manufactured and marketed from 1958 to 1971 by Subaru. As the company's first automobile, production reached 392,000 over its 12-year model run.
Subaru 1000 (1966-1969)
1967 Subaru 1000
The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification starting in 1966. Previous Subaru models such as the Subaru 360 and the Sambar had been rear-engined, rear wheel drive kei cars.
Subaru FF-1 Star (1969–1973)
1969 Subaru FF-1 Star
The Subaru FF-1 Star was a development of the original front wheel drive Subaru, the 1000. The FF-1 was marketed as the Star in the United States in 1970 and 1971 model years, and was replaced by the FF-1 G in 1972 but remained in production in some markets until 1973. There were coupe, sedan, and station wagon models available. This model only came with the EA-61 engine and four-speed manual transmission.
Subaru Legacy (1989–present) - Six Generations
1989 Subaru Legacy Wagon
1995 Subaru Legacy Wagon
2010 Subaru Legacy GT
2015 Subaru Legacy
2016 Subaru Legacy
2017 Subaru Legacy
2018 Subaru Legacy
2019 Subaru Legacy
2020 Subaru Legacy
The Subaru Legacy is a mid-size car built by Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru since 1989. The maker's flagship car, it is unique in its class for offering all wheel drive as a standard feature, and Subaru's traditional boxer engine. The Legacy bears the name Liberty in Australia out of deference to Legacy Australia, an
organization dedicated to caring for the families of military service veterans.
Subaru Outback (1994–present) Five Generations
1994 Subaru Outback
2010 Subaru Outback
2011 Subaru Outback
2012 Subaru Outback
2013 Subaru Outback
2014 Subaru Outback
2015 Subaru Outback
2016 Subaru Outback
2017 Subaru Outback
2018 Subaru Outback
2019 Subaru Outback
2020 Subaru Outback
The Subaru Outback is an automotive nameplate used by the Japanese automaker Subaru for two different vehicles: a Legacy-based station wagon (1994–present), the Outback; and an Impreza-derived hatchback, the Outback Sport (1994-2011).
2018 Subaru Outback Wagon
Many versions of the Outback wagon and Outback Sport have either had all-wheel drive as an option or standard equipment.
Subaru Levorg (2014-present)
2015 Subaru Levorg
2016 Subaru Levorg
2017 Subaru Levorg
2018 Subaru Levorg
2019 Subaru Levorg
The Subaru Levorg is a mid-size car manufactured since 2014 by Subaru. According to the company, the name Levorg is a portmanteau of three words, LEgacy, reVOlution, touRinG The Levorg shares its platform with the Impreza, Legacy and WRX.
Subaru Leone (1971–1994)
1978 Subaru Leone GL 1600 Wagon
1979 Subaru Leone Coupe
1984 Subaru Leone
1985 Subaru Wagon
1988 Subaru Leone Maia
Also called DL/GL, Loyale, Omega, L-Series, GL-10, RX, Isuzu Geminett II
The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by Subaru from 1971 to 1994. The word leone is Italian for lion.
It was released as a replacement to the Subaru 1000 and was the predecessor to the Subaru Impreza. All Leones were powered by the Subaru EA boxer engine. Most cars were equipped with optional four-wheel drive. At the time of its introduction, the Leone was Subaru's top model until 1989, when the larger Legacy was introduced.
Replaced by the Impreza
Subaru XT (1985-1991)
1985 Subaru XT Vortex Coupe
1986 Subaru XT Coupe
1989 Subaru XT Coupe
1990 Subaru XT Coupe
1991 Subaru XT Coupe
The Subaru XT is a 2-door coupé that was produced from 1985 to 1991. The name Alcyone was used in Japan, the Vortex name was used in Australia and New Zealand, and the name XT (with the four-cylinder EA-82 engine) or XT6 (using the ER-27 six-cylinder engine), was sold in North America and Europe. All were available in front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive, depending on the year.
The Subaru XT was launched in February 1985 in the American market, followed by a June debut in Japan. The Alcyone name comes from the brightest star in the Pleiades star cluster, on which the Subaru logo is based. The XT range was replaced by the Subaru SVX in 1992.
Subaru Alcyone SVX (1992–1996)
1992 Subaru SVX Coupe
1993 Subaru SVX Coupe
1994 Subaru SVX Coupe
1995 Subaru SVX Coupe
1996 Subaru SVX Coupe
The Subaru Alcyone SVX, marketed outside Japan as the Subaru SVX, is a two-door, front-engine, all- or front-wheel drive coupé manufactured and marketed by Subaru from 1991 to 1996 over a single generation. As Subaru's first entry into the luxury/performance market, the SVX was noted for its aircraft-inspired 'window-within-a-window' side-glass configuration.
The nameplate "Alcyone" refers to the brightest star in the Pleiades constellation, stylized in the Subaru company logo. The suffix "SVX" is an acronym for "Subaru Vehicle X".
Replaced by the Subaru BRZ
Subaru Impreza (1992–present)
The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that has been manufactured since 1992 by Subaru, introduced as a replacement for the Leone, with the predecessor's EA series engines replaced by the new EJ series.
Announced on October 22, 1992, the Impreza was released in Japan in November and offered in either front-wheel drive (FWD) or all-wheel drive (AWD) versions and as a four-door sedan or five-door hatchback/wagon (Touring). The car used a shortened version of the Legacy's floor pan. According to a Motor Trend article written March 1992, the name of Subaru's new compact was, initially, to be called the Loyale, displaying an official photograph of the four-door sedan. In late 1995, a two-door coupe was introduced. Initial engine choices included 1.5, 1.6, 1.8, and 2.0 liter naturally aspirated engines.
Subaru Impreza generation 2 (2000–2007)– GD, GG
2002 Subaru Impreza wrx sti
2004 Subaru Impreza wrx sti
2005 Subaru Impreza wrx sti
2006 Subaru Impreza
2007 Subaru Impreza
Subaru introduced the "New Age" Impreza to Japan in August 2000. Larger in size compared to the previous iteration, the sedan increased its width by 1.6 in, while the hatchback notably increased by just 0.2 in—placing the two variants in different Japanese classification categories. The coupe body style from the first generation did not reappear for the new series, and the off-road appearance package that included contrasting-colored bumpers did carry over forward. Marketed as a separate model line, this North America-only variant was, as before, badged the Outback Sport.
Subaru Impreza generation 3 (2007–2014)– GE, GV, GH, GR
2008 Subaru Impreza 4dr Sedan
2009 Subaru Impreza WRX 4dr Sedan
2010 Subaru Impreza WRX 4dr Sedan
2011 Subaru Impreza AWD 2.5i Premium 4dr Sedan
2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0L Sport Limited
2013 Subaru Impreza Wagon WRX
2014 Subaru Impreza Wagon WRX
Subaru revealed the third generation Impreza at the New York Auto Show on 2 April 2007—both the standard naturally aspirated Impreza and turbocharged WRX versions were revealed. The 3rd generation of the high performance WRX STI debuted in October 2007. Initially, the new Impreza was offered as a five-door hatchback (designated GH), with the four-door sedan (designated GE) introduced in 2008. This generation also saw the discontinuation of the wagon, replaced by a new 5-door hatchback body style. The wide-body variants of the hatchback and sedan are labeled GR and GV, respectively. Dimensionally, this version is wider by 56 mm (2.2 in) and increases track by approximately 38 millimetres (1.5 in). Although first adopted by the STI, the wide-body platform was later utilized by the standard WRX range.
Subaru Impreza generation 4 (2011–present)– GJ, GP, VA
2015 Subaru Impreza
Four-door sedan or five-door hatchback versions of the fourth-generation Impreza were unveiled in 2011 at the New York International Auto Show. The car went on sale in late 2011 as a 2012 model year. There is also a bigger station wagon with different bodywork, called the Subaru Levorg. It was first shown at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show and went on sale in April 2014.
Subaru Impreza generation 5 (2016–present)-GK, GT
2016 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Sport Limited
2017 Subaru Impreza
2018 Subaru Impreza
2019 Subaru Impreza
2020 Subaru Impreza WRX STI S209
Subaru unveiled the fifth generation 2017 model year Impreza sedan and hatchback at the New York International Auto Show in March 2016. The fifth generation is the first model to be underpinned by the new Subaru Global Platform, which will underpin all future Subaru models.
Subaru Sports Cars
Subaru BRZ (2012–present)
2012 Subaru BRZ
2013 Subaru BRZ
2014 Subaru BRZ
2015 Subaru BRZ
2016 Subaru BRZ
2017 Subaru BRZ
2018 Subaru BRZ
2019 Subaru BRZ
2020 Subaru BRZ STI
The Toyota 86 is a 2+2 sports car jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru, manufactured at Subaru's Gunma assembly plant — along with a badge engineered variant, marketed as the Subaru BRZ.
The 2+2 fastback coupé is noted for its naturally-aspirated boxer engine, front-engined, rear-wheel-drive configuration, 50/50 front/rear weight balance and low center of gravity — and for drawing inspiration from Toyota's earlier AE86, a small, light, front-engine/rear-drive Corolla variant widely popular for Showroom Stock, Group A, and Group N, Rally, Club and drift racing.
Subaru SUV, MOV, Crossover
Subaru Ascent (2018-present)
2018 Subaru Ascent
2019 Subaru Ascent
2020 Subaru Ascent
The Subaru Ascent is a mid-size crossover SUV made by Subaru. It is the largest automobile Subaru manufactures. The seven or eight-seat passenger SUV, with the design based on the VIZIV-7 concept, made its debut at the LA Auto Show on November 28, 2017. The Ascent became available in the third quarter of 2018.
Subaru Forester (1997–present) 5 generations
The Subaru Forester is a compact crossover SUV manufactured since 1997 by Subaru. Available in Japan from 1997, the Forester shares its platform with the Impreza. It has been awarded Motor Trend's 2009 and 2014 SUV of the Year and The Car Connection's Best Car To Buy 2014.
Subaru Forester generation 1 (1997–2002)
1997 Subaru Forester
The Forester was introduced at the Tokyo Motor Show in November 1995 as the Streega concept, and made available for sale February 1997 in Japan, and to the US market in 1997 for MY1998. The Forester was one of the first emerging crossover SUVs. It was built in the style of a car, but had a taller stance, higher h-point seating, and an all-wheel drive drive train. Subaru advertising employed the slogan "SUV tough, Car Easy". It used the Impreza platform but with the larger 2.5-liter DOHC EJ25D four-cylinder boxer engine from the Subaru Outback, making 165 hp at 5,600 rpm and 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4,000 rpm.
Subaru Forester generation 2 SG (2003-2007)
2005 Subaru Forester
2006 Subaru Forester
2007 Subaru Forester
The second generation was introduced as a 2003 model at the 2002 Chicago Auto Show, based on the new Impreza platform, featuring several fine-tune improvements over the past model. The 2003 Forester features weight-saving refinements such as an aluminum hood, perforated rails, and a hydro-formed front sub-frame. The most noticeable change was the offering of 2.5 L versions (normally aspirated and turbocharged) and in the U.S. the introduction of the turbo charged 2.5-liter model.
The third generation Forester began to move away from a traditional wagon design towards becoming a crossover SUV. It was larger in nearly every dimension and featured a sloping roof line with more cargo space. Subaru unveiled the model year 2008 Forester in Japan on December 25, 2007. The North American version made its debut at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.
Subaru Forester generation 4 SJ (2013-2018)
2012 Subaru Forester
2013 Subaru Forester XT
2014 Subaru Forester XT
2015 Subaru Forester
2017 Subaru Forester
2018 Subaru Forester
US models went on sale in March 2013 as 2014 model year vehicles. Early models include 2.5i in base, Premium, Limited and top-line Touring versions, and performance-oriented turbocharged 2.0XT (253 PS) in Premium and Touring versions. Base and Premium model 2014 Foresters can be equipped with the manual six-speed transmission or the Lineartronic CVT. All other models are equipped with the Lineartronic CVT. An option on Limited/Touring 2.5i and Premium/Touring 2.0XT is new X-Mode control and Hill Descent Control(HDC) features. These are not available on other models.
Subaru Forester generation 5 SK (2019-present)
2019 Subaru Forester
The 2019 Subaru Forester was revealed on March 28, 2018 at the New York International Auto Show. Like contemporary Subaru models, the 2019 model year moved the Forester to the Subaru Global Platform.
Subaru Coupe Utility
Subaru Brat (1978-1994)
1978 Subaru Brat
1982 Subaru Brat
1991 Subaru Brat
1993 Subaru Brat
1994 Subaru Brat
The Subaru BRAT, short for "Bi-drive Recreational All-terrain Transporter", known outside Canada and the United States as the 284 in the United Kingdom, Brumby in Australia, and Shifter, MV, or Targa in other markets, is a light duty, four-wheel drive coupé utility, sold from 1978 to 1994. It was an export-only model, never being officially sold in Japan. Due to this, the BRAT became a popular grey import vehicle in Japan.
Get Your Very Own Subaru Scale Models
Subaru WRX STI Scale Model Shown
Approx. 7-1/2" Long
Scaled replicas of cars and trucks
Die-cast metal body with plastic details
Opening doors on all - some with opening hoods and trunks
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