A Pictorial of Porsche Motor Cars Through the Years
Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, normally abbreviated to
Porsche AG makes German vehicles with some expertise in high performance sports cars, SUVs and sedans. Porsche AG headquarters are in Stuttgart, and is held by Volkswagen AG, which is itself owned by Porsche Automobil Holding SE.
Porsche's present lineup features the 718 Boxster/Cayman, 911, Panamera, Macan and Cayenne.
The Porsche 356 sports car which was initially manufactured by Austrian organization Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH (1948–1949), and later by German organization Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH from 1950–1965. It was the first production Porsche. Prior autos designed by the Austrian organization were the Cisitalia Grand Prix race auto, and the Volkswagen Beetle and also Auto Union Grand Prix autos were designed by the German organization.
The 356 is a lightweight and agile rear engine two-door sports car produced in both hardtop coupes and open bodied cars. Engineering developments continued amid the years of manufacturing, adding to its motorsports achievements and popularity. Manufacturing began in at Gmünd, Austria in 1948, where around 50 autos were manufactured. In 1950 the factory moved to Zuffenhausen, Germany, and general creation of the 356 proceeded until April 1965, well after the replacement 911 made its fall 1963 debut. Of the 76,000 initially manufactured, roughly half are still around.
Porsche 911 classic (1963-1989)
1963 Porsche 911 Coupe
1964 Porsche 911 Coupe
1965 Porsche 911 Coupe
1966 Porsche 911S Targa
1967 Porsche 911S Coupe
1968 Porsche 911 Coupe
1969 Porsche 911E Coupe
1970 Porsche 911T Coupe
1971 Porsche 911T Coupe
1972 Porsche 911S Coupe
1973 Porsche 911 Coupe
1973 Porsche 911 Carrera RS Coupe
1974 Porsche 911 Targa
1975 Porsche 911 Turbo Coupe
1976 Porsche 911S Targa
1977 Porsche 911S Coupe
1978 Porsche 911SC Coupe
1979 Porsche 911SC Coupe
1983 Porsche 911 Turbo Coupe
1984 Porsche 911 Carrera Coupe
1985 Porsche 911 Cabriolet
1986 Porsche 911 Targa
1987 Porsche 911 Carrera Coupe
1988 Porsche 911 Carrera Coupe
1989 Porsche 911 Turbo Coupe
The Porsche 911 first generation luxury sports car became famous for durable and distinctive design was introduced in the fall of 1963 and manufactured through 1989. It's successor was a modified version, referred to as the Porsche 964 internally, yet still marketed as a Porsche 911, as are present models.
Mechanically, the 911 was illustrious for being air-cooled and having a engine. From the beginning the 911 was modified by both private groups and the factory itself for rallying, racing, and different sorts of automobile competition. The first 911 arrangement is regularly referred to as the best competition auto ever, particularly when its varieties are incorporated, essentially the intense 911-determined 935 which was the winner of 24 Hours of Le Mans and other sports car races competing with prototypes.
Porsche 911 959 (1986-1993)
1986 Porsche 959
The Porsche 959 was manufactured by Porsche from 1986 to 1993, first as a Group B rally car and later as a road legal production car designed to satisfy FIA homologation regulations requiring at least 200 units be produced.
The twin-turbocharged 959 was the world's fastest street-legal production car when introduced, achieving a top speed of 197 mph, with some variants even capable of achieving 211 mph. During its production run, the 959 was considered as the most technologically advanced road-going sports car ever built, and forerunner of all forthcoming sports cars. It was one of the first high-performance vehicles with all-wheel drive, providing the basis for Porsche's first all-wheel drive 911 Carrera 4 model. Its performance convinced Porsche executives to make all-wheel drive standard on all turbocharged versions of the 911 starting with the 993. The twin-turbo system utilized on the 959 also made its way to future turbocharged Porsche sports cars. In 2004,
Sports Car International named the 959 number one on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s.
Porsche 911 964 (1990-1994)
1990 Porsche 911 964 Coupe
1991 Porsche 911 964 Turbo Coupe
1992 Porsche 911 964 Turbo Coupe
1993 Porsche 911 964 RS America
1994 Porsche 911 964 Carrera Speedster
In late 1989, the 911 underwent a second generation major evolution with the introduction of the Type 964. With technologies from the 959 flagship model, this would be an important car for Porsche, since the world economy was undergoing recession and the company could not rely on its image alone. It was launched as the Carrera 4, the "4" indicating four-wheel-drive, demonstrating the company's commitment to engineering. Drag coefficient was down to 0.32. A rear spoiler deployed at high speed, preserving the purity of design when the vehicle was at rest. The chassis was redesigned overall. Coil springs, ABS brakes and power steering made their debut. The engine was increased in size to 3600 cc and developed 250 PS (184 kW). The rear-wheel-drive version, the Carrera 2, arrived a year later.
Porsche 911 993 (1994-1998)
1994 Porsche 911 993 Carrera Coupe
1995 Porsche 911 993 Carrera Coupe
1996 Porsche 911 993 Carrera Coupe
1997 Porsche 911 993 Turbo Coupe
1998 Porsche 911 993 Coupe
The third generation 911 was again revised for model year 1994 under the internal name Type 993. This car was significant as it was the final incarnation of the air-cooled 911 first introduced in 1964. Most enthusiasts and collectors consider the 993 to be the best of the air-cooled 911 series. As Car & Driver noted, "Porsche's version of the Goldilocks tale is the 993-generation 911, the one many Porschephiles agree that the company got just right," with an "ideal blend of technology and classic 911 air-cooled heritage." Porsche itself refers to the 993 as "a significant advance, not just from a technical, but also a visual perspective." "993s especially are widely regarded as the best the 911 ever got."
Porsche 911 996 (1999-2004) Water cooled
1999 Porsche 911 996 Coupe
2000 Porsche 911 996 Carrera Coupe
2001 Porsche 911 996 Carrera Coupe
2002 Porsche 911 996 Carrera Coupe
2003 Porsche 911 996 Carrera Cabriolet
2004 Porsche 911 996 Coupe
The 911 fourth generation 996 introduced in 1998 represented two major changes for the venerable 911 lineage:
a water-cooled flat-6 engine replaced the popular air-cooled engine used in the 911 for 34 years, and the body shell received its first major re-design. Changing to a water-cooled engine was controversial with Porsche traditionalists, who noted this as the end of the 'true' 911.
The 996 styling shared its front end with Porsche's mid engined Boxster. Pinky Lai's work on the exterior won international design awards between 1997 and 2003.
Porsche 911 997 (2005-2012)
2005 Porsche 911 997 Carerra S Cabriolet
2006 Porsche 911 997 Carerra S Cabriolet
2007 Porsche 911 997 Turbo
2008 Porsche 911 997 Carerra Coupe
2009 Porsche 911 997 Turbo Cabriolet
2010 Porsche 911 997 Coupe
2011 Porsche 911 Carerra
2012 Porsche 911 997 Carerra S Coupe
The fifth generation
Porsche 997 is the internal designation for the Porsche 911 sports car manufactured and sold by Porsche between 2004 (as Model Year 2005) and 2012. Production of the Carrera and Carrera S coupés began in early 2004, all-wheel drive Carrera 4 and Carrera 4S began to be delivered to customers in November 2005, the Turbo and GT3 derivatives went on sale in late 2006 and the GT2 in 2007
Porsche 911 991 (2012-2016
2012 Porsche 911 991 Carerra Coupe
2013 Porsche 911 Carerra 991
2014 Porsche 911 991 GT3 Coupe
2015 Porsche 911 991 Targa
2016 Porsche 911 991 Turbo S Coupe
The sixth generation Porsche 991 is the internal designation for the seventh generation of the Porsche 911 sports car, which was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show on 15 September as the replacement for the 997. The 991 is an entirely new platform, only the third since the original 911 launched in 1963 (the 996 of 1999 was the second new platform).
Porsche 911 992 (2017-present)
2017 Porsche 911 Turbo S
2018 Porsche 911 992 GT3
2019 Porsche 911 992 Carrera
2020 Porsche 911 Carrera S
The Porsche 992 is the internal designation for the seventh generation of the
rear engine sports car produced by the German automobile manufacturer Porsche.
It was officially introduced at the Porsche Experience Center, Los Angeles on
November 27, 2018.
Porsche 912 901 (1965-1969)
1965 Porsche 912 Coupe
1966 Porsche 912 Coupe
1967 Porsche 912 Coupe
1968 Porsche 912 Coupe
Worried that the huge price of a Type 911 with the six-cylinderl engine over the Type 356 would cost the organization sales and shorten the appeal of the brand, in 1963 Porsche officials chose to present a new four-cylinder entry level model. Similar to the 911 (original factory designation "901"), the four-cylinder 912 was initially called at Zuffenhausen using a number with a zero in the middle, however the "902" designation was never publicly utilized. (The "912" project number was utilized after 1968 as a means of indicating the flat 12 cylinder engine created for the Porsche 917 race car)
Porsche 914 (1969-1976)
1969 Porsche 914
1970 Porsche 914
1971 Porsche 914
1972 Porsche 914
1973 Porsche 914
1974 Porsche 914
1975 Porsche 914
1976 Porsche 914
The Porsche 914 was a mid-engined, targa-topped two-seat roadster engineered, produced and sold by Volkswagen and Porsche from 1969 to 1976.
Originally planning to offer the vehicle with a four-cylinder motor as a Volkswagen and the six-cylinder motor as a Porsche, during development, Porsche decided that Volkswagen and Porsche models having a similar body would be risky business in the American market, and persuaded Volkswagen to let them offer both versions as Porsches in North America.
Porsche 924 (1976-1988)
1976 Porsche 924
1977 Porsche 924
1978 Porsche 924
1979 Porsche 924
1980 Porsche 924
1981 Porsche 924 Carrera GT
1982 Porsche 924
1983 Porsche 924
1984 Porsche 924
1985 Porsche 924 Turbo
1987 Porsche 924S
1988 Porsche 924S
Porsche 924 is a sports car produced from 1976 to 1988. A two-door, 2+2 coupé, the 924 was intended to replace the Porsche 914 as the company's entry-level model.
Although the water-cooled, front-engined 928 gran turismo was designed first, the 924 was the first road-going Porsche to have a front engine rear wheel drive configuration. It was also the first Porsche to be offered with a fully automatic transmission.
Porsche 928 (1978-1995)
1978 Porsche 928
1980 Porsche 928
1995 Porsche 928 GT
The Porsche 928 was created from 1978 to 1995 as a luxury GT Sports car. Initially it was going to replace the 911, the 928 had power, balance, and sports car handling with the refinement, equipment and comfort of a luxury sedan to make what some Porsche executives believed would be a vehicle with more extensive appeal than the compact, peculiar and once in a while troublesome 911. Since its beginning in 1949, Porsche has only produced seven front-engined models, four of which were coupes, including the 928. The 928 is the only front-engine V8 and the organization's first V8 production model.
Porsche Boxster 986/987 (1996-present)
1996 Porsche Boxster
2018 Porsche Boxster
2019 Porsche Boxster Spyder
The Porsche Boxster and Cayman are mid-engined two-seater compact sports cars. The Boxster, a roadster, was announced in 1996 and the Cayman was released in late 2005 as the coupe variant.
The Porsche Boxster is a mid-engined two-seater roadster. The Boxster is the first Porsche road vehicle to be initially outlined as a roadster since the 550 Spyder.
The original Boxster (the 986) was presented in late 1996; a 2.5 liter level six-cylinder engine was the powerplant. The plan was intensely affected by the 1992 Boxster Concept. The base model was upgraded up to a 2.7 liter engine in 2000 and the new Boxster S variation was presented with a 3.2 liter motor. Styling and engine output was revised on both variations in 2003.
In 2005, Porsche revealed the second Boxster generation: type 987. The 987 has more power than the origional and highlighted Carrera GT inspired styling. In 2007, engine output was again increased, when both Boxster models got engines from Porsche Cayman. Boxster models new cosmetic and mechanical updates in 2009, additionally expanding engine output and performance. The third era Boxster (type 981) was shown at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.
Porsche Cayman 982 (2006-present)
2005 Porsche Cayman
2006 Porsche Cayman
2017 Porsche Cayman
In 2006, the Cayman, a rear wheel drive mid-engined, 2-seat sports coupe was announced as a coupe derived from the second and third generation Boxster roadster. Pinky Lai was the designer of the original of Porsche Cayman. Like the Boxster, most Caymans were assembled by Valmet Automotive in Finland (the rest being massembled in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany). The agreement with Valmet Automotive ended in 2012. However, as Volkswagen took control of Porsche AG, Cayman and Boxster production after 2012 started in the previous Karmann plant in Osnabrück, Germany, which is owned by Volkswagen furthermore utilized for creation of the 2012 Golf (Mk6) convertible.
Porsche Panamera 970 (2009-present)
2010 Porsche Panamera
2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid
2019 Porsche Panamera GTS
The Porsche Panamera is an executive car (E-segment in Europe) manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Porsche. It is front-engined and has a rear-wheel-drive layout, with all-wheel drive versions also available. It is the only sedan manufactured by Porsche as part of its strategy of expanding its market.
Porsche 918 Spyder (2013-2015)
2013 Porsche 918 Spyder
2014 Porsche 918 Spyder
2015 Porsche 918 Spyder
The Porsche 918 Spyder is a mid-engined plug-in hybrid sports car manufactured by German automobile manufacturer Porsche. The Spyder is powered by a naturally aspirated 4.6 L (4,593 cc) V8 engine, developing 608 PS (447 kW; 600 bhp) at 8500 rpm, with two electric motors delivering an additional 210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp) for a combined output of 887 PS (652 kW; 875 bhp) and 1,280 N⋅m (944 lbf⋅ft) of torque. The 918 Spyder's 6.8 kWh lithium-ion battery pack delivers an all-electric range of 12 miles under the US Environmental Protection Agency's five-cycle tests.
Porsche Cayenne E Hybrid (2014-2019)
2014 Porsche Cayenne E Hybrid
2019 Porsche Cayenne S E Hybrid
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
Porsche Cayenne (2002-present)
2002 Porsche Cayenne
2018 Porsche Cayenne
2019 Porsche Cayenne
The Porsche Cayenne is a mid-size luxury crossover sport utility vehicle produced by Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. It is also Porsche's first off road variant vehicle since its Super and Junior tractors of the 1950s, and the first Porsche with four doors. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology.
Porsche Macan (2014 - present)
2014 Porsche Macan
2018 Porsche Macan Turbo
2019 Porsche Macan S
The Porsche Macan platform is a crossover SUV shared with the Audi Q5. The wheelbase and suspension arrangement are based upon and although intensely altered from the Audi, however the engine, transfer case, suspension tuning, inside and outside are exclusive to the Macan. It is 1.7 inches longer and 1.4 inches wider than a Q5.
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Porsche Motor Cars Through the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on