A Pictorial Glimpse Peugeot Motor Cars Through the Years
In December 1974 Peugeot S.A. obtained a 38.2% share of Citroën. Subsequently On 9 April 1976 they expanded their stake of the then bankrupt organization to 89.95%, hence creating the PSA Group (where PSA stands for Peugeot Société Anonyme), becoming
PSA Peugeot Citroën. Since
Citroën had two new successful designs on the market at the time, (the GS and CX) and
Peugeot was ordinarily prudent in its own particular funds, the PSA venture was a monetary accomplishment from 1976 to 1979.
Armand Peugeot became interested in the automobile and subsequent to meeting with Gottlieb Daimler and others, was convinced it was viable. The first Peugeot vehicle, a steam powered three-wheeled, automobile designed by Léon Serpollet, was manufactured in 1889; just four
models were built, however steam power
was massive and required lengthy warmup times. In 1890, in the wake of meeting Daimler and Émile Levassor, he gave up on steam and built a gasoline fueled four-wheeled auto with an internal combustion motor built by Panhard using a Daimler license. The auto was more advanced than a number of its peers, featuring a three-point suspension and a sliding-gear transmission. A car was purchased by the youthful
Alberto Santos-Dumont, who exported it to Brazil.
29 autos were built in 1892, 40 built in 1894, 72 in 1895, 156 were built in 1898, and 300 in 1899. These early models were given "type" numbers. Peugeot was first auto maker to add rubber tires (solid, as opposed to pneumatic) to a gas-powered car.
Peugeot was also an early pioneer in motor racing. Albert Lemaître won the world's first motor race, the Paris–Rouen, driving a 3 hp Peugeot. In all Five Peugeots qualified for and finished the main event. Lemaître finished 3 minutes 30 seconds behind the Comte de Dion whose steam-powered auto was ineligible for the official competition. There were three Peugeots entered in the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris, and were beaten by Panhard's car (in spite of a normal speed of 12.9 mph and taking the 31,500 franc prize. This was also the debut of Michelin pneumatic racing tires, additionally on a Peugeot; they proved inadequate Nevertheless, the vehicles were still horseless carriages in appearance and were steered using a tiller.
The first Peugeot engines were assembled in 1896; to never again be dependent on Daimler. designed by Rigoulot, the first engine featured 8 hp and attached to the back of the Type 15. It likewise served as the basis of an almost precise copy created by Rochet-Schneider. Further enhancements followed: the engine was relocated to the front of the Type 48 and was soon placed under a hood at the front, rather than being hidden underneath; a steering wheel was added to the Type 36; and they started to look more like the present day automobile.
Type 153 - 1913-1925
1913 Peugeot Phantom
Type 128 - 1925-1928
In 1928, the Type 183 was presented. New for 1929 was the Peugeot 201, the least expensive auto on the French market, and the first to utilize the later Peugeot trademark, three digits with a centerl zero. The 201 received independent front suspension in 1931. Soon afterwards, the Great Depression hit; Peugeot's sales diminished, yet the organization survived.
1928 Peugeot 183c
Type 601 - 1934-1935
In 1933, the organization introduced a new, aerodynamically styled line. In 1934, Peugeot unveiled the 402 BL Éclipse Décapotable, the first convertible featuring a retractable hardtop — an idea later followed by the Ford Skyliner in the 1950s and resuscitated in modern day by the Mitsubishi 3000GT Spyder in 1995. Recently, numerous manufactures have offered retractable hardtops, even including Peugeot with the 206-cc.
Type 202 - 1938-1949
Three 1930s models were the Peugeot 202, 302, and 402. These autos featured curvaceous bodies, with hidden headlights behind a sloping grille, apparently inspired by the Chrysler Airflow. The 2.1-liter 402 was entered produced in 1935 and was manufactured until the end of 1941, in spite of France's Nazis occupation. For 1936, the new Airflow-inspired 302 (which was produced until 1938) and a 402-based larger model, designed by Andrean, offered a vertical fin and bumper, with the first taillight mounted high. The entry level 202 was manufactured in a series from 1938 to 1942. The 202 lifted Peugeot's 1939 sales to 52,796, just short of Citroën. Regular production started up again in mid-1946, and lasted into 1949.
1936 Peugeot 301
1936 Peugeot 302
1948 Peugeot 203
1949 Peugeot 202
1955 Peugeot 203
1960 Peugeot 403
1965 Peugeot 204
Type 504 - 1968-1983
1968 Peugeot 504
1983 Peugeot 504
Type 505 - 1979-1992
Type 604 - 1975-1985
Type 605 - 1989-1999
Type 607 - 1999-2010
2009 Peugeot 308
Type 508 - 2011-Present
2011 Peugeot 508 Allure HDi Sedan
2017 Peugeot 508 Exalt Concept
2017 Peugeot 508 Sedan
2017 Peugeot 2008 Compact SUV
Peugeot Motor Cars Through the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on