CitroŽn, a French automobile manufacturer. Founded in 1919 by Andrť CitroŽn, it was the one of the world's first mass-production car company outside of the USA. Since 1976 it has been part of PSA Peugeot CitroŽn,
In 1934, CitroŽn gained its reputation for being innovative with the Traction Avant, not just the world's first mass-created front-wheel drive auto, additionally one of the first automobiles to offer a unitary body style, with no chasis frame holding the mechanical components.
In 1954 CitroŽn created the world's first hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension system, then in 1955 the then revolutionary DS, the first mass produced auto with modern disc brakes. In 1967, Citroën announced swiveling headlights in several models, providing prominent visibility on winding roads. Citroën autos have been presented worldwide and national-level honors, including three for European Car of the Year.
Citroën has a fruitful history in
motorsport, and is the only vehicle maker to have won three different official titles from the International Automobile Federation: Citroën received the World Rally Raid Championship (five times, the World Rally Championship (eight times, and the World Touring Car Championship.
In addition, CitroŽn has been offering vehicles in China since 1984, and China is a major market for the brand today, largely through the joint venture of Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën. In 2014, when PSA Peugeot Citroën ran into extreme money related challenges, the Dongfeng Motor Corporation took a stake in the ownership.
In 2009, the brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary. The showroom for Citroën's C_42 on the Champs Elysées in Paris, is where Citroën arranges a few exhibitions, demonstrates its autos and concept vehicles.
Historical CitroŽn Vehicles
CitroŽn Type A (1919-1921)
1919 CitroŽn Type A
1920 CitroŽn Type A
1921 CitroŽn Type A Torpedo
The CitroŽn Type A was produced from June 1919 to December 1921. It was the very first CitroŽn car ever made.
Under the designation 10 HP Type A the car had a water-cooled 1327 cc four-cylinder engine and an output of 18 hp. Its maximum speed was 40 mph. The chassis had inverted quarter elliptic springs at the front and double quarter elliptics at the rear. Braking was on the rear wheels only controlled by a hand lever with a foot pedal operated transmission brake.
CitroŽn Type B (1921-1926)
1921 CitroŽn B2
1926 CitroŽn B12
The CitroŽn B2 is the second model produced by CitroŽn. It is therefore the second European car to have been constructed according to modern mass production technologies. It was produced at Andrť CitroŽn's factory in central Paris between May 1921 and July 1926.
The CitroŽn B2 replaced the CitroŽn Type A in June 1921, although the "Type A" would continue to be listed for sale till December 1921.
CitroŽn Type C (1922-1926)
1925 CitroŽn Type 5CV Type C3 Torpedo
1932 CitroŽn C4 G Roadster
The CitroŽn Type C was a light car made by CitroŽn between 1922 and 1926 with almost 83,000 units being made. Known as CitroŽn 5HP or 5CV in France and 7.5HP in Britain, it was the second model of automobile designed and marketed by Andrť CitroŽn, between 1922 and 1926. It was also the first car mass-produced car.It followed the 10HP ĒType A ď (June 1919) which was replaced by the 10HP ďB2Ē (June 1921) ; they were the first European mass-produced cars.
CitroŽn Rosalie (1932-1938)
1932 CitroŽn Rosalie II 15 CV
1934 CitroŽn Rosalie
The original CitroŽn Rosalie was a light-weight racing car that established a succession of records at the Montlhťry racing circuit. More generally the Rosalie was a range of three models/sizes of automobile that comprised the core of CitroŽn's model range between 1932 and 1938. The three models were originally designated respectively the 8CV, the 10CV and the 15CV, the numbers defining the cars' fiscal horsepower which in turn defined the approximate engine size of each model. After the introduction of the new Traction Avant, the lineup was modified and at the 1934 Paris Salon the two smaller models became the 7UA and the 11UA, now with the overhead-valve engines from the Traction.
CitroŽn 7U (1935-1938)
1935 CitroŽn 7U
The CitroŽn 7U was a car produced by CitroŽn between 1935 and 1938.
With the introduction of the front-wheel drive Traction series, CitroŽn continued the rear-wheel drive production for potential customers who were apprehensive of the newcomer. The Rosalie 7U, along with the 11U were newly designed models using body shells from its predecessors, the Rosalie 8CV and 10/15CV, but incorporating an updated front-end style influenced by the "NH" Rosalie models and the Traction. The 1628 cc 4-cylinder engine was the same as used in the Traction 7 but was turned round to drive the rear axle.
CitroŽn Traction Avant (1934-1956)
1949 CitroŽn Traction Avant
1956 CitroŽn Traction Avant
The Traction Avant pioneered mass production of two revolutionary features still in use today: four-wheel independent suspension, and front-wheel drive.
Production ceased in 1956, one year after the arrival of the DS.
CitroŽn 2CV (1948-1990)
1948 CitroŽn 2CV
1980 CitroŽn 2CV
1990 CitroŽn 2CV
The CitroŽn 2CV, "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile
and manufactured by CitroŽn for model years 1948Ė1990. The 2CV featured low cost, simplicity of overall maintenance, an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp), low fuel consumption, and an extremely long-travel suspension
offering a soft ride and light off-road capability.
CitroŽn DS (1955-1975)
1955 Citroën DS
1975 Citroën DS
The CitroŽn DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the CitroŽn from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations. Italian sculptor and industrial designer Flaminio Bertoni and the French aeronautical engineer Andrť LefŤbvre styled and engineered the car. Paul MagŤs developed the hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension.
CitroŽn Bijou (1959-1964) Small
1959 CitroŽn Bijou
1964 CitroŽn Bijou
The CitroŽn Bijou is a small coupť manufactured by CitroŽn at the premises they had occupied since 1925 in Slough, England. The Bijou was assembled from 1959 until 1964. It was based on the same platform chassis as the CitroŽn 2CV, sharing its advanced independent front to rear interconnected suspension. The car's appearance was thought to be more in line with the conservative taste of British consumers than the unconventional and uncompromisingly utilitarian rural look of the standard 2CV.
CitroŽn Ami (1961-1978) Supermini
1961 CitroŽn Ami 6
1978 CitroŽn Ami 8
The CitroŽn Ami is a four-door, front-wheel drive supermini (B-segment), manufactured and marketed by CitroŽn from 1961 to 1978. At times it was the best-selling new car model in France.
The Ami was offered in saloon and estate ('Break') body styles over two generations, the Ami 6 and the Ami 8. The later Ami 8 fastback saloon featured a steeply raked rear window, in contrast to the earlier reverse-raked rear window of the Ami 6 notchback.
CitroŽn Dyane (1967-1983)
1967 CitroŽn Dyane
1983 CitroŽn Dyane
The CitroŽn Dyane is an economy car/supermini produced by CitroŽn from 1967 to 1983. The Dyane design was directly based on the CitroŽn 2CV, but its main distinguishing feature was the presence of a hatchback rear body. 1,443,583 were manufactured.
A panel van version called the Acadiane derived from the Dyane.
CitroŽn M35 (1970-1971)
1970 CitroŽn M35
1971 CitroŽn M35
The CitroŽn M35 was a coupť derived from the Ami 8, and equipped with a Wankel engine and a hydropneumatic suspension. The bodies were produced by Heuliez from 1969 to 1971.
CitroŽn SM (1970-1975)
1970 CitroŽn SM
1975 CitroŽn SM
The CitroŽn SM is a high-performance coupť produced by the French manufacturer CitroŽn from 1970 to 1975. The SM placed third in the 1971 European Car of the Year contest, trailing its stablemate CitroŽn GS, and won the 1972 Motor Trend Car of the Year award in the U.S.
CitroŽn GS (1970-1986)
1970 CitroŽn GS
1986 CitroŽn GS
The GS is a small family car manufactured and marketed by CitroŽn for model years 1970-1986 in saloon and estate bodystyles (1970-1980), over a single generation. The GS received a facelift in 1979 and was subsequently marketed as the GSA in hatchback and estate bodystyles (1979-1986). Almost 2.5 million units were sold.
The GS was voted European Car of the Year for 1971 and was noted as technologically advanced, with class leading comfort, safety and aerodynamics
CitroŽn CX (1974-1991)
1974 CitroŽn CX
1987 CitroŽn CX
The CitroŽn CX is an executive car produced by CitroŽn from 1974 to 1991. CitroŽn sold nearly 1.2 million CXs during its 16 years of production. The CX
was voted European Car of the Year in 1975.
It is considered by some enthusiasts as the last "real CitroŽn" before Peugeot took control of the company in 1976. The CX was also the final successful model of the "big CitroŽn" era, which began in 1934.
CitroŽn LN (1976-1986) City
1976 CitroŽn LN
1985 CitroŽn LNA
The CitroŽn LN (HťlŤne) and CitroŽn LNA (HťlŤna) are city car automobiles produced by CitroŽn between 1976 and 1986. The added "A" used in the name of the bigger engined LNA stood for Athlťtique (Athletic).
CitroŽn Visa (1978-1988) Supermini
1978 CitroŽn Visa
1988 CitroŽn Visa GTI
The CitroŽn Visa is a five-door, front-engine, front wheel drive supermini manufactured and marketed by CitroŽn from 1978 to 1988 in gasoline and diesel variants. 1,254,390
units were ultimately manufactured over a single generation, with a single facelift (1981). China has also assembled the car as the Liuzhou Wuling LZW 7100 minicar. Production started in 1991 and finished in 1994.
CitroŽn BX (1982-1994) Large
1982 CitroŽn BX
1994 CitroŽn BX
The CitroŽn BX is a large family car which was produced by CitroŽn from 1982 to 1994. In total, 2,315,739 BXs were built during its 12-year history. The hatchback was discontinued in 1993 with the arrival of the Xantia, but the estate continued for another year. The BX was designed to be lightweight, using particularly few body parts, including many made from plastics.
CitroŽn Axel (1984-1990)
1984 CitroŽn Axel
1985 CitroŽn Axel
The CitroŽn Axel is a supermini automobile produced between 1984 and 1990 and developed in co-operation by CitroŽn of France and Oltcit, a joint venture company with the Romanian government.
The Axel is a rebadged version of the small Oltcit Club hatchback. Four specifications were available: Axel Club, Axel 11, Axel 11R and Axel 12 TRS. They were powered by the air-cooled engines from the CitroŽn GS/GSA and an air-cooled flat-twin engine from the CitroŽn Visa. The Axel Club was available only in Romania.
CitroŽn XM (1989-2000)
1989 CitroŽn XM
2000 CitroŽn XM
The CitroŽn XM is an executive car that was produced by the French automaker CitroŽn between 1989 and 2000. CitroŽn sold 333,775 XMs during the model's 11 years of production. The XM was voted 1990 European Car of the Year.
Launched on May 23, 1989. The XM was the modern iteration of the Big CitroŽn, a flagship saloon replacement for the CitroŽn CX. It went on sale in its native France immediately afterwards, and was available in right-hand drive on the UK market from October 1989.
CitroŽn Xantia (1992-2001) Large
1992 CitroŽn Xantia
2001 CitroŽn Xantia
The CitroŽn Xantia, is a large family car (D) produced by CitroŽn, and designed by Daniel Abramson of Bertone. Presented to the press in December 1992, the car was produced between 1992 and 2001, with a facelift in the end of 1997. CitroŽn sold over 1.2 million Xantias during its nine years of production.
CitroŽn Saxo (1996-2004) City
1996 CitroŽn Saxo
2004 CitroŽn Saxo
The CitroŽn Saxo was a city car produced by CitroŽn from 1996 to 2004. It was also sold in Japan as the CitroŽn Chanson. It shared many engine and body parts with the Peugeot 106 (which itself was a development of the CitroŽn AX), the major difference being interiors and body panels. Production ended in 2004, when it was replaced with the CitroŽn C2.
CitroŽn Xsara (1997-2006) Small Family
1997 CitroŽn Xsara
2006 CitroŽn Xsara
The CitroŽn Xsara was a small family car (C-segment in Europe) produced by the French automaker CitroŽn from 1997 to 2006. The Xsara was a development of the CitroŽn ZX and Peugeot 306, which shared a platform and running gear.
It came in three and five door hatchback (notchback) and five door estate body styles; the estate was marketed as the Break and the three door as the Coupť. The styling shared cues with the larger Bertone designed Xantia, but was regarded as bland by the motoring press.
CitroŽn C3 (2002-present) Super Mini
2002 CitroŽn C3
2019 CitroŽn C3
The CitroŽn C3 is a supermini car produced by CitroŽn since April 2002. It replaced the CitroŽn Saxo in the model line up, and is currently in its third generation. The third generation model made its appearance in June 2016, and went on sale in January 2017.
It is produced in a five door hatchback body style, with the first generation also being produced in a two door convertible version, called the C3 Pluriel. A three door hatchback, with a similar design as the second generation, marketed as a premium model, is available as the DS3.
CitroŽn C1 (2005-present) City
2005 CitroŽn C1
2019 CitroŽn C1
The CitroŽn C1 is a city car produced by CitroŽn since June 2005. The C1 was developed as part of the B-Zero project by PSA Peugeot CitroŽn, in a joint venture with Toyota. The Peugeot 107 is identical to the C1, other than the front bumper and front and rear lights, while the Toyota Aygo is slightly more differentiated, but still obviously similar like its Asian made facelifted Yaris hatchback and sedan and face lifted third generation Vios.
CitroŽn C4 (2004-2018) Compact
2004 CitroŽn C4
2018 CitroŽn C4 Cactus
The CitroŽn C4 is a compact car (C-segment in Europe) produced by CitroŽn since Autumn 2004. It is currently in its second generation.
The C4 was designed to be the successor to the CitroŽn Xsara. It is mechanically similar to the Peugeot 308, which was launched in 2007. A revised version, with a new front end, reverse lights, and dashboard revisions, was launched for the 2008/09 model year.
CitroŽn C5 (2001-present) Compact
2004 CitroŽn C5
2019 CitroŽn C5
The CitroŽn C5 is a large family car produced by CitroŽn since March 2001, and now in its second generation. The C5 replaced the CitroŽn Xantia, in the large family car class. It is not the first CitroŽn with "Cx" naming nomenclature, as it was used by its ancestors, the C4 and C6 from 1930. The third generation is expected to be released in 2020.
CitroŽn C6 (2005-2012) Compact
2005 CitroŽn C6
2012 CitroŽn C6
The CitroŽn C6 is an executive car produced by CitroŽn from 2005 to 2012. The CitroŽn C6 was inspired by the CitroŽn C6 Lignage concept car with a fastback saloon like styling.
Inspired by the CitroŽn C6 Lignage prototype, which was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in the spring of 1999, but differs from the concept car's styling in minor details (like not having rear suicide doors for easy access). The C6 was intended as a replacement for the XM, and CitroŽn was intent on launching it before the end of 2000.
CitroŽn DS 3 (2009-present) Supermini
2009 CitroŽn DS 3
2019 CitroŽn DS 3
The DS 3 is a supermini, produced by CitroŽn since 2009 and officially launched in January 2010. This was the first car in the new DS range from CitroŽn (which is French for goddess). Its design was inspired by the concept car CitroŽn DS Inside.
The DS3 range was facelifted in 2016, along with the DS4 and DS5, and re launched without CitroŽn badges as part of DS Automobiles' separation from CitroŽn.
The CitroŽn DS3 was named "2010 Car of the Year" by Top Gear, awarded first supermini four times in a row by the JD Power Satisfaction Survey UK and second most efficient supermini (CitroŽn DS3 1.6 e-HDi 115 Airdream: 63.0 mpg‑imp (4.48 l/100 km)) by What Car? behind the CitroŽn C3. In 2013, it was again the most sold premium subcompact car with 40% of these market shares in Europe.
DS 4 (2010-2018) Compact
2010 CitroŽn DS 4
2018 CitroŽn DS 4
The DS 4 is a compact car, and it is the second model in the then new premium (luxury vehicle) DS sub brand created by CitroŽn, now an independent brand. It was officially launched internationally in 2011, but already on sale in some countries by the end 2010. Based upon the CitroŽn C4 II, it features raised suspension to resemble a compact SUV and repositioned door handles to give a coupe like silhouette. The rear windows are fixed, and do not slide or open outwards
CitroŽn DS 5 (2011-2018) Executive
2012 Citroën DS 5 Hatchback
2015 Citroën DS 5
2018 Citroën DS 5
The DS 5 is a compact executive hatchback which was designed and developed by CitroŽn, and launched in the market in Europe in November 2011. It was the third model in the premium sub brand DS. Released as the CitroŽn DS5, the car was relaunched as the DS 5 in 2015, following Citroen's decision to rebadge its DS models and market them under the brand DS.
CitroŽn DS 6 (2019-) Executive
2019 Citroën DS 6
Explore the smaller, more athletic Citroen DS 6 2019 sports car with nimble performance and driver-centric technologies.
Its dashboard is upright and places local weather and audio controls at the
prime of the middle stack, however secondary switches are tucked low and are
hard to reach.
CitroŽn C Zero (2009-present)
2013 CitroŽn Zero
2019 CitroŽn Zero
An electric supermini/city car sold by CitroŽn, built by Mitsubishi Motors. - The Mitsubishi i-MiEV (MiEV is an acronym for Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle) is a five-door hatchback electric car produced by Mitsubishi Motors, and is the electric version of the Mitsubishi i. Rebadged variants of the i-MiEV are also sold in Europe by PSA Peugeot CitroŽn (PSA) as the Peugeot iOn and CitroŽn C-Zero. The i-MiEV is the world's first modern highway-capable mass production electric car.
CitroŽn / DS SUVs / Crossovers
CitroŽn C4 Aircross (2012-present)
2012 CitroŽn C4 Aircross
2019 CitroŽn C4 Aircross
The CitroŽn C4 Aircross is a compact SUV based on the Mitsubishi ASX and the Peugeot 4008. It was featured at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. A four-wheel drive version of the Aircross is also available.
CitroŽn C5 Aircross (2017-present)
2017 CitroŽn C5 Aircross
2019 CitroŽn C5 Aircross
The CitroŽn C5 Aircross is a compact crossover SUV produced by CitroŽn since 2017. Production started at the Dongfeng-PSA Chengdu plant in China that also produces the Peugeot 4008 and 5008 models with the same platform, engines and transmission. In 2018 production of the C5 Aircross started as well in France at the PSA plant in Rennes. The model takes advantage of the 100-million-euro investment share of Groupe PSA..
DS 6WR (2014-present)
2014 DS 6WR
The DS 6WR is a subcompact luxury crossover SUV designed by the French automaker DS Automobiles specifically for the Asian market. It was the second model of DS, then a sub brand, to not feature the CitroŽn logo, following the launch of the DS 5LS earlier in 2014. First announced to the public in April 2014 as the DS 6WR, it was released for sale in the autumn of 2014.
It is powered by a four cylinder 1.6 litre gasoline engine, producing 197 bhp at 5800 rpm and 275 N⋅m (203 lb⋅ft) torque at 1700 to 4500 rpm. It is claimed to accelerate from 0Ė100 km in 8.4 seconds.
DS 3 Crossback (2018-present)
2018 DS3 Crossback
2019 DS3 Crossback
The DS 3 Crossback is a subcompact luxury crossover SUV from the French automaker DS Automobiles. The vehicle was presented for the first time on the 13th September 2018, and its public premiere will be at the 88th Paris Motor Show in October 2018. The SUV is the first vehicle based on the PSA EMP1 platform of Groupe PSA. Powertrains include a range of
gasoline and Diesel engines and an electric version. Its predecessor is the smaller DS 3.
DS 7 Crossback (2018-present)
2018 DS7 Crossback
2019 DS7 Crossback
The DS 7 Crossback is a compact luxury crossover SUV from the French automaker DS Automobiles. The vehicle was presented for the first time on 28 February 2017, and its public premiere at the 87th Geneva Motor Show in March 2017. The SUV, like the Peugeot 5008 II and the CitroŽn C5 Aircross, is based on the EMP2 platform of Groupe PSA. Though not the first SUV for and from the brand (see DS 6), it is the first for Europe.
CitroŽn MPVs / Vans
CitroŽn Eurovan - C8 (1994-2014)
2002 CitroŽn C8 Eurovan
The first generation Eurovans were marketed as the CitroŽn Evasion, Fiat Ulysse, Lancia Zeta and Peugeot 806. The second generation models were all renamed, except the Fiat Ulysse, with the nameplates now CitroŽn C8, Lancia Phedra and Peugeot 807.
2010 CitroŽn metropolis concept 5
CitroŽn has produced numerous concept cars over the decades, previewing future design trends or technologies. Notable concepts include the CitroŽn Karin (1980), CitroŽn Activa (1988), CitroŽn C-Mťtisse (2006), GT by CitroŽn (2008) and CitroŽn Survolt (2010).
Get Your Very Own CitroŽn Scale Models
1959 CitroŽn DS19 Shown
Approx. 7-1/2" Long
Scaled replicas of cars and trucks
Die-cast metal body with plastic details
Opening doors on all - some with opening hoods and trunks
Choose from over 100 scale model CitroŽn Vehicles at Amazon
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Citroen Motor Cars Trough the Years
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