Established in 1902, and among the most seasoned vehicle brands on the planet.
It began as the Buick Motor Company, an independent auto maker, and was
incorporated by Scottish David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, Michigan on May 19,
Video - Buick Evolution (1903 - 2018)
The first two Buick autos were manufactured in 1899 and 1900 by Walter Marr, chief-engineer however David Buick was hesitant to start making cars, being happy with stationary and production of marine engines, so Marr left Buick in 1901 to establish his own car organization under his own name. Eugene Richard, was his replacement who in 1902 applied for a patent for Marr's valve-in-head motor, which patent, number 771,095, was granted to Richard fin 1904 in the name of Buick This was first overhead valve internal combustion motor in the world, despite the fact that it was called "valve-in-head" in light of the fact that the cylinders were level so the valves were not really "overhead." In 1903, the third Buick car was made, this time by Richard, yet Buick moved to
Flint, Michigan in 1904, and Richard remained behind. Marr was rehired as the chief engineer at Flint, to begin producing cars. That year, 37 Buick vehicles were manufactured and in 1905,production increased to 750, in 1906, 1,400,in 1906, 4,641 and 8,800 in 1908, grabbing the number one spot from close contenders Oldsmobile, Ford, and Maxwell.
David Dunbar Buick incorporated his organization on May 19, 1903 as the Buick Motor Company , in Detroit, Michigan. In March, 1904, the organization was acquired by Benjamin Briscoe, who turned around and sold it to James H. Whiting proprietor of Flint Wagon Works, in Flint, Michigan. That mid year, Whiting moved Buick to Flint to an area across the road from his manufacturing plant, with an idea to add Buick's motors to his wagons. David Buick remained as manager, and re-employed Walter Marr as chief engineer. The motor Buick and Marr produced for this car was a 2-cyinder valve-in-head motor of 159 cubic inches, with every cylinder horizontal and opposed one another by 180 degrees. Whiting constructed just a couple cars in 1904, by bringing Buick motors back across the road where his employees shoehorned them into his wagons, before coming up short on money, making him seek William C. Durant in 1904 as controlling investor. Durant was also co-owner, of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company, which was the biggest carriage-producing organization in the country. Durant put in the following 4 years transforming Buick into the greatest selling car brand in the United States. David Buick sold his stock upon in 1906 upon leaving, and passed away in unassuming conditions half a century later. In 1907, Durant consented to supply engines to R. S. McLaughlin in Canada, a car manufacturer, and in 1908 he established General Motors.