Talking about the Canon EF-S Lens Mount

The EF-S lens mount is a derivative of the EF lens mount created for a subset of Canon digital single-lens reflex cameras with APS-C sized image sensors. It was released in 2003. Cameras supporting the EF-S mount are backward-compatible with the EF lens mount. Only Canon cameras with the APS-C sized sensor released after 2003 support the mount. All other cameras do not support it.

Canon EF-S EOS Lenses

The "S" in EF-S stands for "short back focus", which means that the rear element of the lens is closer to the image sensor than on regular 35 mm SLR cameras. The proximity of the rear element to the image sensor greatly enhances the possibilities for wide angle and very wide angle lens, enabling them to be made smaller, lighter (containing less glass), faster (larger aperture) and less expensive. Most current Canon EF-S lenses are wide angle.

Lenses designed specifically for APS-C sized sensors are often optically designed to provide a narrower light cone to match the sensor. However, not all such lenses require the shorter back focus, and may feature the standard EF mount. Such lenses will give noticeable vignetting if used on a 35mm film or sensor camera.

Compatibility

The cameras that can use the EF-S mount are:
The EF-S compatible mount of a Canon 30D
The EF-S compatible mount of a Canon 30D.

Canon designers have taken steps to ensure it is physically impossible to mount EF-S lenses on EF-only cameras. This is because the increased proximity of the lens to the sensor means that on full-frame sensor or 35mm film EF cameras the lens itself would obstruct the mirror's movement and cause damage to the lens and/or camera. While it is possible to modify the lens such that the physical obstruction is removed, allowing for mounting to EF mount cameras, the rear of the lens would still obstruct the mirror. An additional reason is that the lenses produce a smaller image circle of even illumination (circle of no vignetting). To assist the photographer, an EF-S lens alignment mark is indicated by a small white rectangle, whereas the EF lenses and mounts use a small red dot. EF-S camera bodies have both EF-S and EF alignment marks, while EF bodies have only EF marks. Some have reported success attaching EF-S lenses to full-frame bodies with the use of an extension tube; however, this does not eliminate the vignetting problem, and also removes the lens's ability to achieve infinite focus. 

The 10D, D60, and earlier cameras share the EF-only mount with the full frame EOS camera bodies, and also with the APS-H size EOS camera bodies (1D series), despite having a smaller sensor and therefore a smaller mirror. However, attempting this on full frame Canon EF mount cameras would cause the mirror to collide with the rear lens element, potentially damaging the lens and/or camera.

List of EF-S lenses

See also: Canon_EF lens mount
The EF-S lens mount is a relatively new offering from Canon, so the selection of available lenses is limited compared to the full EF range, but it is backwards compatible with the EF mount, and can therefore still accept all EF lenses. As of 2008, no EF-S lens has been produced with the "L" designation or with Diffractive optics.

More detailed list of EF-S lenses with prices and reviews

Focal length Effective focal length
(1.6 crop factor)
Aperture range Mark Macro USM IS L-series DO
Canon EF-S 1022mm 1635.2 mm f/3.54.5   No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
Canon EF-S 1755mm 27.288 mm f/2.8   No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Canon EF-S 1785mm 27.2136 mm f/45.6   No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Canon EF-S 1855mm 28.888 mm f/3.55.6 I No No No No No No No No No No
I No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
II No No No No No No No No No No
II No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
  No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Canon EF-S 18200mm 28.8320 mm f/3.55.6   No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Canon EF-S 55250mm 88400 mm f/45.6   No No No No Yes Yes No No No No
Canon EF-S 60mm 96 mm f/2.8   Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No

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