Point and Shoot Digital Cameras Solutions

There are three types of Digital Cameras: DSLRs, Point-and-Shoot, Ultra Compact


Digital SLR Cameras

If taking a great picture is your greatest concern and cost is barely an issue, DSLR cameras are the way to go. And as long as you don't mind lugging a slew of lenses and components around, you won't be upset with the quality of your image.

Digital single-lens reflex cameras come in a slew of shapes and sizes. And although they appeal to the advanced photographer who wants the greatest amount of control, they range in price from $500 to well over $10,000.

DSLRs are unique because their lenses can be removed and replaced depending on the type of pictures you want to take. Because of that (and to keep the price down), don't expect the lens you want to ship with the camera; you'll need to purchase one separately.




Digital SLRS

DSLR: The good DSLR: The bad and ugly
Image Quality
Optical Viewfinder
Large ISO Range
Manual Controls
Hold its value
Depth of Field Quality Optics
Size and Weight
No Live LCD (This is changing)

Nikon D40 Digital DSLR Camera

Best Digital SLR Camera • Nikon D40 Review

The Nikon d40 has had more reviews than any other camera, and for good reason. The D40 is a good looking, light weight Nikon that accepts all auto focus Nikon DX lenses and has more functions than most people will use. One reason for all the popularity is that costs hardly more than a fixed lens point and shoot camera. (more) You can get it

Point-and-Shoot Mid-Size Digital Cameras

Point-and-shoot cameras, which usually range in price from $100 to $500, have improved considerably over the past few years and the higher-end models easily compete with the entry-level DSLRs. Unlike DSLRs, point-and-shoot cameras don't allow users to remove and exchange lenses; most of the time, photographers will use an LCD on the back of the device to frame a shot.

Because lenses can't be removed, point-and-shoot cameras are judged by their optical zoom capabilities. Optical zoom uses the optics of the lens to magnify an image without sacrificing resolution. On the other hand, digital zoom discards pixels around the edge of an image, fitting the remaining pixels into the same space to give the appearance of zoom. Because of this, a certain level of degradation can be expected. You should always choose a camera based on its optical zoom, not the digital or combined (optical and digital) value.

Aside from that, you should also look at ISO sensitivities and consider where you will take most of your pictures. Generally speaking, the more ISO modes and the higher the sensitivity, the better your chances of taking a high quality picture in any environment.

Canon EF 100-300mm f/4.5-5.6 III USM Lens

Best Midsize Point and Shoot Camera Fujifilm X100

Number One Selling Camera. The Canon PowerShot ELPH 300 HS. Don't allow the Canon 300 HS digital's amazingly smooth and radiant eye-candy style fool you for the very first time you have it in your hand, you'll find out that this slim digital camera featuring a ultra Wide-Angle 24mm lens packs a gymoungus engineering wallop! Inside this itty bitty, falls-in-practically-pocket digital camera is a power house 5x Optical Zoom that gives you with the flexibility you must have to shoot in a range of circumstances.s.

Ultra-Compact Digital Cameras

Ultra-compact cameras have quickly become popular because of their extremely small form factor. Unlike DSLRs and point-and-shoot cameras, ultra-compact digital cameras are willing to sacrifice image quality and options for a thin and lightweight design.

Ultra Digital Camera Review by Gene Wrights are easily slipped into a pocket or purse, making them a great choice for photographers on the go. Don't let their small size fool you, however while they may not offer all the manual controls of their heftier counterparts, these are serious cameras that can take superb pictures without weighing you down.

Point and Shoot Cameras

The Good The bad and Ugly
Pocket Size
Auto Mode
LCD Framing
Image Quality
Smaller ISO Range
Reliance Upon LCD
Limited Manual Controls
Less Adaptable
Most have no optical viewfinder

Black Canon PowerShot ELPH 300 HS

Canon PowerShot ELPH 300 HS 

Canon PowerShot ELPH 300 HS (Canon IXUS 220 HS)
Don't allow the Canon 300 HS digital's amazingly smooth and radiant eye-candy style fool you for the very first time you have it in your hand, you'll find out that this slim digital camera featuring a ultra Wide-Angle 24mm lens packs a gymoungus engineering wallop! Inside this itty bitty, falls-in-practically-pocket digital camera is a power house 5x Optical Zoom that gives you with the flexibility you must have to shoot in a range of circumstances.

Sony, Nikon, Canon EISA Best Product winners

Friday, August 15, 2008

The European Imaging and Sound Association has just announced the 2008-2009 award winners for best consumer products, and Nikon, Canon and Sony won best products in more than one category. The Canon EOS 1000D (Rebel Xs in the United States) won best European Consumer Camera, while the Canon Selphy ES2 won best mini photo printer. Nikon's D3 took the Pro camera category, while the Nikon AF-S 14-24mm and 24-70mm f/2.8 G ED shared the best Pro lens prize. Sony's Alpha A350 won best Camera, and the Sony 70-300mm f/4.5-5.6 G SSM won best Lens.

Other winners are:
Compact Camera: Panasonic DMC-TZ5
Ultra Compact Camera: Olympus Stylus 1030SW
Super Zoom Camera: Fujifilm FinePix S100FS
Advanced Camera: Olympus E-3
Advanced Compact: Casio Exilim Pro EX-F1
Consumer Lens: Tamron AF-28-300mm f/3.5-6.3 XR Di VC LD Aspherical (IF) Macro
Photo Printer: Epson Stylus Pro R2880
Photo Storage Device: SanDisk SD-HC Plus Extreme, Ducati Edition
Photo Software: Adobe Photoshop Elements 7.0
Professional Photo Software: Apple Aperture 2

Digital Cameras
If you think you're seeing digital cameras everywhere these days, you're probably right. The growing popularity of digital cameras isn't an accident. They provide enough advantages over film cameras that some manufacturers have greatly reduced or abandoned the film camera market. You can store photos digitally and print only the shot you need versus printing every shot from the roll of film. You can use the storage cards over and over versus buying new rolls of film. You can use software and in-camera editing features to improve your photo quality with a digital camera; image enhancement doesn't happen easily with film cameras. Sharing digital photos instantly and using them with various media is a snap, which is another great advantage. Some photographers will prefer film since digital photo quality isn't always perfect. But for many consumers, digital photography is easy and convenient compared to film photography and provides high-quality shots for their picture-taking needs.

Digital cameras record a photo by making use of a type of light-sensitive circuit, usually a CCD (charge-coupled device) or occasionally a CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductors). As the light strikes the circuit, it converts the light to pixels (picture elements). Each pixel is a dot that represents a tiny portion of the photo. By combining all of the pixels, you'll see the photo.

After recording the photo, the digital camera stores the pixels on a magnetic media device, called a memory card. These tiny cards appear in many sizes, ranging from similar to a stick of gum to slightly larger than a postage stamp. They can hold anywhere from 16MB to 8GB of data -- or more. Several brands of memory cards exist, and many models of digital cameras require a specific brand. Some newer cameras can use more than one brand, though. Memory cards are far less expensive than they were a few years ago; you can find 1GB cards for less than $30 now.

Manufacturers offer digital cameras in three broad subcategories: Ultra-compact models, point-and-shoot models and advanced models (often referred to as Bridge Cameras). Although a few cameras can fit into more than one subcategory, most match the following criteria:

Ultra-compact cameras: These cameras measure less than 1 inch in thickness and typically offer stylish camera bodies in multiple colors. Ultra-thin models usually are very easy to use and don't offer a lot of "extra" or high-end features.

Point-and-shoot cameras: Easy to use and typically offer no manual-control features. You should be able to take the camera out of the box, load the battery and memory card and begin shooting immediately with this type of camera. Point-and-shoot models can vary greatly in size and in the types of features they offer.

Advanced cameras (Bridge Cameras: Many manual-control features. They sometimes include interchangeable lenses and many add-on features, such as external flash units. They're usually pretty expensive and aimed at intermediate to experienced photographers.

Manufacturers offer digital cameras not only in a wide variety of sizes but also with many different feature sets. There are cameras basic enough for those who've never snapped a photo in their lives to professional models for expert photographers. Models cost anywhere from $100 to $10,000 or more. With so many models available, users can find a model that fits their exact needs. But with so many choices, narrowing the list of models can be a significant challenge.

Here are four of the best newer features to look for when shopping for a digital camera:

Image stabilization (IS) ensures that your photos -- especially those that are taken in low light -- aren't blurry because of camera shake. IS does not, however, prevent blurry photos from a moving subject. Optical IS, which is the preferred type of IS, involves using stabilizing hardware inside the camera body to prevent camera shake. Digital IS, on the other hand, boosts camera sensitivity and increases shutter speed to avoid camera shake, but digital IS can lead to problems with "noise" (stray pixels) in photos. Most newer cameras contain some form of IS.

Wide-angle lenses are beginning to appear with more frequency in newer digital cameras. Most wide-angle options are pretty limited -- usually about 25mm to 30mm (when compared to a standard 35mm-lens equivalent measurement) -- but having even a limited wide-angle option is very handy, especially when paired with a large zoom lens.

Optical zoom: These lenses continue to improve, with newer cameras sometimes offering 10X, 12X and even 15X zoom lenses in smaller and smaller camera bodies. One thing to keep in mind with zoom lens measurements is that the "multiplier" applies to the zoom capability as measured from the point where the lens has no magnification. For example, if the camera lens is equivalent to 35mm with no magnification, a 12X zoom lens would have a maximum zoom equivalent of 420mm. But if the camera lens is equivalent to 28mm with no magnification, a 12X zoom lens would have a maximum zoom equivalent of 336mm. In other words, if your optical zoom lens has wide-angle capability, your lens won't have as much magnification on the high end as a zoom lens with no wide-angle capability.

 Scenes Mode

Technology is a wonderful thing. Each year Digital camera manufacturers come out with new models, enhancements and products two or three times a year, each company constantly trying to one up the other. Now they've gone nuts with the types and sheer number of scene modes being added to the new digital cameras. Camera scene modes are a simple way for you to command the camera to "automatically" adjust to the type of photo you are shooting instead of making all the settings by hand. Your camera will optimize the settings for that particular shot and in some modes determine whether or not the flash fires, other modes change how colors are recorded. A trend has started by the camera manufactures to add special effects and other bells and whistles that you'll probably never use. How many times will you need a pastel color mode? Do you need a Starburst effect?  Even the Sepia mode is not necessary. a simple mouse click in Photoshop and you've got Sepia. If you're like the majority people, you'll only use a few of the scene modes on your camera. Here are 5 scene modes you'll probably use most often.

How to Shop
When searching for the camera that's right for you, you should consider the following questions:

Resolution: Resolution determines the number of pixels in the digital photo; images with more pixels can be printed at larger sizes and will have more sharpness. Keep in mind that photos with large resolutions will require more storage space, both in temporary storage on the camera's memory card and in permanent storage on a CD, DVD or hard drive. With large-resolution photos, you can either print them at large sizes or you can crop a larger photo to a smaller size without losing photo detail. However, most people won't print many photos at the largest sizes, meaning resolution isn't the only aspect to consider when searching for a camera. For most people in most situations, a maximum 6 or 8 megapixels in a camera will be plenty. And if you're planning to send photos to friends and family by e-mail, smaller resolutions are preferred to avoid long download times. Fortunately, most digital cameras allow you to select from a variety of resolutions when shooting, ranging from the maximum to 1 or 2 megapixels.


Resolution needed for different print sizes

Image size Pixels
(Virtual Size of Scans)
MP Rating Print size (inches)
at 200ppi
Print size (inches)
at 300ppi
640 x 480 0.3 3.2 x 2.4 2.1 x 1.6
1,024 x 768 0.8 5.1 x 3.8 3.4 x 2.5
1,280 x 960 1.2 6.4 x 4.8 4.2 x 3.2
1,504 x 1,000 1.5 7.5 x 5.0 5.0 x 3.3
1,632 x 1,224 2.0 3.3 x 6.1 5.4 x 4.1
2,000 x 1,312 2.6 10.0 x 6.6 6.7 x 4.4
2,240 x 1,488 3.3 11.2 x 7.4 7.5 x 5.0
2,275 x 1,520 3.5 11.4 x 7.6 7.6 x 5.1
2,272 x 1,704 3.9 11.4 x 8.5 7.6 x 5.7
2,590 x 1,920 5.0 13.0 x 9.6 8.6 x 6.4
3,008 x 2,000 6.0 15.0 x 10.0 10.0 x 6.7
4,256 x 2,848 12.1 21.3 x 14.2 14.2 x 9.5
4,536 x 3,024 13.7 22.7 x 15.1 15.1 x 10.1
5,782 x 3,946 22.8  28.9 x 19.7 19.3 x 13.2

Digital zoom and optical zoom: Digital zoom is not worth considering when looking at digital cameras; optical zoom is far more important. Optical zoom measures the actual magnification capabilities of a lens. A 3X optical zoom lens, which is the minimum zoom measurement for most digital cameras today, will magnify the image by three times. Digital zoom actually only magnifies the image after it's shot. Digital zoom often leads to photos losing sharpness because it increases the size of the pixels. If you're shooting at a high resolution, digital zoom can be a little more effective, but optical zoom is the far more important measurement.

Response times: Response times measure the camera's ability to react quickly to your commands. When you press the power button, is the camera ready to shoot quickly? When you press the shutter button, does the camera shoot immediately or does it suffer from shutter lag? Point and shoot cameras are more prone to shutter lag. Cameras with poor response times can be especially frustrating to use, as you increase your chances of missing a spontaneous photo. Cameras tend to suffer in performance and response times in low-light situations or when the zoom lens is fully extended (the less expensive the lens or camera, the more this is a problem). If you plan to shoot a lot in those circumstances, make sure you choose a camera with good response times in those areas.

Importance of Sensor Size

sensor sizes

As many of you know, I was a real estate agent first, photography second. When builders started taking people out of individual houses and jamming them together in one building they called them apartments. And when the builders decided they could sell the individual apartments they needed another con, so they called them condos. The graph above represents the camera makers con. They created the DX sensor or APS-C which is for Canon 1.622x crop factor or in reality 38% the size of a full frame sensor. For Nikon the crop factor is 1.523x or only 43% of a full frame camera.  Which sounds larger 1.523x or 43%? Exactly! The camera makers con.

The sensor size makes a difference if the camera takes good photos. But, if you are happy with your photos, that's what matters, but a larger sensor gives you benefits that you may not know you are missing with a smaller sensor. Foremost is image quality. Due to the fact that larger sensors can hold larger pixels (when comparing cameras with the same resolution), a larger sensor is normally capable of greater dynamic range, less noise, and better high ISO performance. Crowding more pixels into a smaller area will reduce the overall image quality and having a larger sensor can fix some issues related to "pixel cramming". Also, smaller sensors with the same resolution (say 12 megapixels) cram more pixels into a smaller area which many times result in the need to use higher quality lenses. By contrast, using a 12 megapixel full frame sensor, pixels are larger and more spread out, making a lens a bit less of a factor for sharpness.

While we're on the megapixels con, camera makers are now multiplying horizontal and vertical together to Best Prices for the total megapixels. 3,008 x 2000 = 6MP. 3,883 x 2,582 = 10MP which sounds like a  much larger difference than the 875 x 582 it really is.

Image quality isn't the only thing that changes when you put a smaller DX sensor in an SLR camera. Because other aspects of the camera remain the same, putting a smaller DX sensor in the camera is the same as simply cropping the center out of the full frame image. As a result, you end up with tighter framing of objects and a 35mm lens on a DX camera looks more like a 55mm lens on a full frame camera. You may have to back up from your subject or change your zoom. Depth of field will also be affected and you may notice more difficulty in getting blurry backgrounds (bokeh) with a DX camera. On the up side (for DX), your 200mm telephoto lens will give you roughly the same framing of the subject as a 300mm lens, with a different depth of field (than a 300mm lens on a full frame camera).

If you are not used to shooting film or full frame, you may never notice these differences. Those who have been shooting with DX cameras for years won't notice the difference in being able to get really soft, blurry backgrounds under some situations. Also it has become quite easy to find good quality lenses in the 17mm range, even in a super zoom, making your ability to get wide angle shots with your DX not less of a problem than it used to be!

What about hidden costs? As with just about any high-tech item you purchase, digital cameras have some hidden costs. For just about all digital cameras, you will need to purchase a memory card along with the camera. Memory cards come in different megapixels, speeds, and prices. Depending on how you are going to use the camera, you may want to purchase a second rechargeable battery, just to make sure you always have a charged battery on hand. With digital DSLR cameras aimed at more experienced photographers, there are options to buy interchangeable lenses, lens filters and external flashes, lens cleaning kits, and other items. Some cameras offer specialty equipment as well, such as underwater housing. Inks and specialty paper for printing can be expensive if you want to print dozens of photos,

What do buyers tend to overlook the most? When buying a digital camera, buyers tend to focus most of their attention on specifications. You need to focus on the camera's feel. Before buying any camera, always at least hold it and try to gain a feel for how the camera's controls will work for you. Every camera has a slightly different feel, and it's important to make sure the model you're going to buy is comfortable for your hands; this is especially important with ultra-compact cameras.

Before going shopping, it's probably best to list some key criteria you want in a camera. Do you want a thin pocket model or a camera with a large zoom lens? Do you want the fastest response times? Do you already own some lenses and memory cards for a particular brand? Such a list will slim the field of potential options. Also, you should set a budget, and keep the cost of potential add-ons in mind.

Because digital cameras come in so many brands, shapes, sizes models, and configurations, it's important to try them for size and fit before buying. Make sure a camera fits your hands comfortably; some models are too small for people with large hands, for example. Most local stores will allow you to handle and try different models.

When its time to make a purchase, you should have no problem finding the model you want at a good price. Local camera stores, Electronics superstores, discount superstores, Internet retailers and some camera manufacturers even sell digital cameras direct, just find a retailer you trust. In some instances, a local retailer might be willing to match a price you find at an Internet retailer.  The best places on the Internet to buy camera equipment are stores you can trust. There are many internet sites that have counter fit brands, discontinued merchandise and returned re-wrapped merchandise being sold as new (this is all against the law). Remember if it sounds too good to be true, it's probably a scam. If the prices are significantly lower than BestBuy, ebay or Buy.com, it's probably a scam.