Phoenix Telephoto 500mm f/8.0 Reflex Mirror Manual Focus Lens

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Phoenix Telephoto 500mm f/8.0
Mirror (Reflex) Manual Focus Lens

Phoenix Telephoto 500mm f/8.0 Mirror (Reflex) Manual Focus LensMade under the Samyang brand name, this ultra-telephoto lens is incredibly compact and lightweight for its focal length. This is achieved by using an advanced reflex design, and this lens is ideally suited for wildlife and sports photography. It has a fixed aperture of f/8.

Simple T-mount adapters screw on the lens and make this lens adaptable to fit almost any current or even discontinued camera.

Despite this lens' long 500mm focal length, it has a compact 3 x 3.5" size and weighs under 1 pound, making it a bit easier to handle than normal 500mm refractor lenses (it should be used with a tripod or monopod in any case). It also has a much different rendering of out of focus areas than a normal lens; highlights will be doughnut-shaped rings with more saturation and contrast on the edge of the ring than on the center.

Catadioptric lenses have several drawbacks. The fact that they have a central obstruction means they cannot use an adjustable diaphragm to control light transmission. This means the lens's aperture value is fixed to the overall focal ratio of the optical system (typically f/8 for 500 mm designs, or f/11). Their modulation transfer function shows low contrast at low spatial frequencies. The folded optical path does reduce the length of the lens, but increases its width.

Their most salient characteristic is the annular shape of defocused areas of the image, giving a doughnut-shaped 'iris blur' or bokeh, caused by the shape of the entrance pupil.

Several companies made catadioptric lenses throughout the later part of the 20th century. Nikon (under the Mirror-Nikkor and later Reflex-Nikkor names) and Canon both offered several designs, such as 500 mm 1:8 and 1000 mm 1:11. Smaller companies such as Tamron also offered their own versions. Of the major manufacturers, currently only Sony (formerly Minolta) offers a 500 mm catadioptric lens for their Alpha range of cameras. Samyang offers a variety of uniquely priced optics, delivering a lot of optical capability for very little money. These rebranded catadioptric lenses are available under the names of Bower, Opteka, Phoenix, Rokinon, Sakar,  Vivitar and others.

Mirror lenses can produce pictures and under carefully chosen conditions they may even produce pretty good ones. However, these situations are rare and therefore most will have unsteady background blur. Most mirror lenses suffer from a rather mediocre optical performance. This may all be fine for personal purposes and for documentation but most likely you'll not be able to sell such pictures. Therefore a classic (refractive) lens like a 400/5.6 fix-focal or even a xx-500mm zoom or even a 70-300-f/4-5.6 with a 1.4 or 2x teleconverter is usually a better and more serious approach. Nonetheless mirrors are quite cheap (but you get what you pay for).

(To rephrase the paragraph above: Mirror lenses are Junk!)

Features

Economical 30.5mm rear filter system
Compact and light-weight

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Specifications
Overview
Lens styleMirror
Max Format Size 35mm  
Lens focal length500mm  
Stabilization type No
Camera mount T-mount
Angle of view 5 Degrees  
Aperture
Largest aperture opening Fixed f/8
Smallest aperture opening Fixed f/8  
Includes aperture ring Yes  
Total diaphragm blades  
Optics
Total Elements 6  
Number of Groups 7  
Coatings / special elements Multi-coating  
Focusing
Minimum focus distance 5.6' (1.7 m)  
Autofocus type N/A
Motor No  
Full time manual focus Yes  
Focusing method    
Lens distance scale No  
Depth of field scale No  
Magnification 1:3  
Physical
Overall weight0.79 lb (360 g)  
Lens diameter 3.0" (7.6 cm)  
Overall length 3.4" (8.6 cm)  
Construction materials Composite / glass  
class="label">Lens ColorBlack  
Zooming method N/A  
Filter thread size Rear-mounted screw-in 30.5mm / Front 72mm  
Lens hood included No  

Lens Includes

Phoenix Telephoto 500mm f/8.0 Mirror (Reflex) Manual Focus Lens (Requires T-Mount Adapter)
Front & Rear Lens Caps
Soft Case
3 Filters (Skylight, Nd 2x, Nd 4x)
6-Year Warranty

Accessories

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Phoenix Telephoto 500mm f/8.0 Mirror (Reflex) Manual Focus Lens

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