Fuji Heavy Industries is the parent organization of Subaru. The Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster is Subaru, which inspired the Subaru logo and suggests the six organizations that merged to make up FHI.
Subaru autos are known for the utilization of a boxer engine format in most of their vehicles over 1500 cc. Most Subaru models have utilized the Symmetrical All Wheel drive-train design since 1972. By 1996, the flat boxer motor and all-wheel-drive were standard equipment for mid size and smaller autos in most global markets, and has become standard in Subaru vehicles in North American markets. The solitary exception is the BRZ, presented in 2012, which utilizes the boxer motor however utilizes rear wheel-drive. Turbocharged passenger cars, like, the Impreza WRX and the Legacy 2.5GT are also available. The 2.5XT trims on the Outback and Forester also incorporate a turbocharged engine.
The first car manufactured by
Subaru was the 1500, using the development code-name of P1. The model utilized a monocoque body structure and featured "ponton" style appearance, with a independent front wishbone suspension and rear leaf springs using three plates and a live rear axle.
The 1.5 liter four-cylinder OHV engine,using the "FG4A" code name was sourced from the Peugeot 202, and manufactured by Fuji Precision Technology, later to become the Prince Motor Company. The FG4A motor had ties to the Prince GA4 with some modifications, and was used in the Prince Sedan manufactured in 1952. The 1500 looks similar to the Peugeot 403. An alternate motor was produced in-house by Fuji Heavy Industries, using the code name "L4-1" which was also a 1.5 liter OHV motor, but 20 percent lighter than the previous engine. The "P-1" was water-cooled and utilized a four-cylinder inline motor.
Legacy - 1989–present - Six Generations
1989 Subaru Legacy Wagon
1995 Subaru Legacy Wagon
2000 Subaru Legacy
2010 Subaru Legacy GT
2016 Subaru Legacy
Outback - 1994–present - Five Generations
Leone - 1971–1994
Also called DL/GL, Loyale, Omega, L-Series, GL-10, RX, Isuzu Geminett II
1978 Subaru Leone GL 1600 Wagon
1985 Subaru DL Wagon
Impreza - 1992–present - Four Generations
1993 Subaru Impreza
2015 Subaru Impreza
Forester - 1997–present
1997 Subaru Forester
2015 Subaru Forester
Brat - 1978-1994
1978 Subaru Brat
1993 Subaru Brat
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