A Pictorial Glimpse of Oldsmobile Motor Cars from 1897 to 2004
Oldsmobile was an American automobile brand produced by General Motors for most of its existence. In 1897,
Olds Motor Vehicle Co. was established by Ransom E. Olds. During its 107-year history, it built 35.2 million autos, including no less than 14 million manufactured at its Lansing, Michigan industrial facility. When it was eliminated in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American vehicle marque, and one of the oldest on the planet, after Daimler, Peugeot and Tatra. Despite the fact that it was shut in 2004, regardless it remains an active General Motors Corporation trademark. The Oldsmobile division closing came prior to a larger GM brands consolidation and discontinuation of models amid the organization's bankruptcy reorganization in 2009.
Oldsmobiles were first built by the Olds Motor Vehicle Co. plant in Lansing, Michigan, an organization established by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. The organization delivered 425 autos in 1901, making it the first high-volume gas powered vehicle maker. (Electric auto makers, for example, Columbia Electric and steam controlled auto producers, for example, Locomobile had higher volumes a couple of years prior). Oldsmobile became the top selling auto organization in the United States for a couple of years around 1903-04. Ransom Olds left the organization in 1904 over a dispute and founded the REO Motor Car Company. The last Curved Dash Oldsmobile was delivered in 1907. General Motors obtained the organization in 1908.
The 1910 Limited Touring Oldsmobile was a high point for the organization. Riding on 42-inch wheels, and outfitted with factory "white" tires, the Limited was the
preeminent vehicle in Oldsmobile's two model lineup. The retail price of the Limited was $4,600, a sum greater than the cost of a new, no nonsense three bedroom home. Purchasers got goatskin upholstery, a 60 hp 707 CID straight-six engine, Bosch Magneto starter, running boards and space for five. Options featured a clock, speedometer, and a full glass windshield. A limousine model was offered at $5,800. While Oldsmobile sold only 725 Limiteds' during its three years of production, the auto is best associated with winning a race against the renowned worldwide twentieth Century Limited train, an occasion immortalized in the
William Hardner Foster, Setting the Pace.
In 1926, the Oldsmobile Six was available in five body styles, and introduced a new GM body platform called the "GM B platform", also shared with Buick vehicles
In 1929, as a major aspect of General Motors' companion make program, Oldsmobile announced the higher standard Viking brand, promoted through the Oldsmobile dealer network. Viking was discontinued toward the end of the 1930 model year despite the fact that an additional 353 autos were sold as 1931 models.
In 1937, Oldsmobile was a pioneer in presenting a four-speed semi-automatic transmission labeled the "Automatic Safety Transmission", in spite of the fact that this transmission was really manufactured by Buick, which would market it in its own vehicles in 1938. This transmission included a conventional pedal, which the driver pressed before choosing either "low" or "high" range. In "low," the transmission shifts between first and second gears. Using "high," the transmission shifts among first, third and fourth gears.
1910 Oldsmobile Limited Touring
1926 Oldsmobile Landau Coupe
1927 Oldsmobile Phaeton
1928 Oldsmobile Model F
1929 Oldsmobile Model F
1930 Oldsmobile Convertible
1931 Oldsmobile 4 door Sedan
1932 Oldsmobile Roadster
1933 Oldsmobile F33 4 Door Touring Sedan
1934 Oldsmobile Eight Convertible
1935 Oldsmobile Convertible
1936 Oldsmobile Coupe
1937 Oldsmobile L37 Eight 4 Door Sedan
1938 Oldsmobile Series F 4 Door Sedan
1939 Oldsmobile 70 Series 4 Door Sedan
Series 60 - 1939-1948
Series 66 and 68 - 1939-1948
Naming guidelines were in flux at Oldsmobile amid the late 1940s. From 1932 through 1938 Oldsmobile featured two series: "F" and "L". Series F featured a straight-6 engine while Series L was a larger body with a straight-8 engine. In 1939, Series F was subsequently renamed Series 60 and Series L became the Series 70 with a straight-6 and the Series 80 featured a straight-8. The Series 60 utilized the GM A-body while both the Series 70 and 80 utilized the B-body. In 1940 Oldsmobile used the considerably larger C-body and only it was powered by the straight-8. So as to separate it from the earlier year's Series 80 it was renamed Series 90 (although there was no Series 80 that year). The series also received names that year. The Series 60 became the Special, Series 70 became the Dynamic, and Series 90 became the Custom Cruiser.
During the 1940 model, Oldsmobile was the first automobile maker to offer a completely automatic transmission, called the "Hydramatic", which offered four forward gears. There was a gas pedal and a brake pedal, but no clutch pedal and the gear selector was on the steering column.
Beginning in 1941 and proceeding through 1996, Oldsmobile utilized a two digit model designation. As initially executed, the first digit was the body measure while the second speaks to the number of cylinders. Body sizes were numbered 6, 7, 8, and 9, with six-and eight-cylinder engines offered. Subsequently, Oldsmobiles were named "66" through "98".
1941 Oldsmobile Club Coupe
1948 Oldsmobile Series 60 Sedan
Series 76 and 78 - 1946–1950
Oldsmobile entered the 1950s after a divisional image campaign fixated on its "Rocket" engines and its autosmobile' appearance went with the same pattern. Oldsmobile's Rocket V8 engine was performance leader, by and large considered the fastest vehicles available and by the mid-1950s their styling became among the first to provide a wide, "open throat" grille, suggestive of jet propulsion. Oldsmobile embraced a ringed-globe insignia to accent what advertisers felt was a universal appeal. All through the 1950s, the brand utilized twin jet pod styled taillights as a gesture to its "Rocket" theme. Oldsmobile was one of the first of General Motors' divisions to gain a true hardtop in 1950 labeled the "Holiday Coupe", Buick's version was known as the "Riviera", and Cadillac got the "Coupe DeVille", and it was likewise among the first of the divisions (alongside Buick and Cadillac) to get a wraparound windshield, a trend that in the long run every American make would share at some point somewhere around 1953 and 1964. New for 1954 on 98 cars and convertible ( Starfire ) was the front and back "sweep cut" fender styling which would not appear on a Chevrolet until 1956 and on a Pontiac in 1957.
In the 1950s the classification changed once more, and trim levels likewise got names that were then associated with the model numbers. This beget the Oldsmobile 88 developing as base model Dynamic 88 and the highline Super 88. Additional full-size model names incorporated the "Holiday" utilized on hardtops, and "Fiesta" utilized on its station wagons. At the point when the 88 was displaced in 1999 (with a Fiftieth Anniversary Model), its length of service was the longest lived model name utilized on American autos after the Chrysler New Yorker. Mid-1955 additionally observed the introduction of a four-door Holiday pillarless hardtop, the industry's first (alongside Buick).
88 - 1949-1999
The 88 was introduced in 1949. It was named to go with the existing 76 and 98 models, and was a replacement of the 78 straight-8 in the model lineup. The new auto utilized the same new Futuramic B-platform as the straight-6 76 however it featured new Rocket V8 engine.
1949 Oldsmobile 88 Coupe
1950 Oldsmobile 88 Coupe
1950 Oldsmobile 88 Coupe
1951 Oldsmobile 88 Coupe
1952 Oldsmobile 88 Sedan
1956 Oldsmobile Super 88
1956 Oldsmobile Super 88
1956 Oldsmobile Super 88
1956 Oldsmobile Holiday 88
1957 Oldsmobile Holiday 88 Hardtop
1958 Oldsmobile 88
98 - 1941-1996
The 98 shared the same GM C-body platform with Buick and Cadillac.
In the 1960s Oldsmobile's position amongst Pontiac and Buick in GM's pecking order started to break down. Outstanding accomplishments incorporated the presentation of the first engine with a turbocharger in 1962 (the Turbo Jetfire), the first front-wheel drive auto manufactured in the U.S. (the 1966 Toronado), the Vista Cruiser station wagon (distinguished for its rooftop glass), and the upscale 442 muscle auto. Oldsmobile briefly utilized the "Jetstar 88" (1964–1966) and Delmont 88 (1967–1968) names on its least costly full size models in the 1960s.
1970s / 1980s Oldsmobiles
Oldsmobile sales in the 1970s and 1980s (reached unsurpassed high of 1,066,122 in 1985) in light of popular, designs positive critic reviews, and the apparent quality and unwavering reliability of the Rocket V8 engine, with the Cutlass series becoming the North America
best selling car by 1976. At this point, Olds had uprooted Pontiac and Plymouth as the third best selling U.S. brand behind Chevrolet and Ford. In the mid 1980s, model year generation topped one million units on several occasions, a feat only Chevrolet and Ford had accomplished.