A German manufacturer of automobiles marketed under the Audi brand, the company is headquartered in Ingolstadt, Germany and has been a wholly-owned (99.55%) subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group (Volkswagen AG) since 1964. Volkswagen Group re-launched the Audi brand with the 1965 introduction of the Audi 60 range. Shortly thereafter the name was acquired as part of Volkswagen's purchase of the Auto Union assets from former owner, Daimler-Benz.
The company name is based on the surname of the founder August Horch, the name itself an English cognate with the English word "hark", meaning listen — which when translated into Latin, becomes Audi.
Audi was created On 25 April 1910 as the Audi Automobilwerke GmbH Zwickau and (from 1915 on named the Audiwerke AG Zwickau )
The Audi 10/22 hp Type A (16 kW) Sport-Phaeton, became the first vehicle produced in 1910, followed by it's successor Type B 10/28PS during the same year. Audi began with a 2,612 cc inline-four motor model Type A, succeeded by a 3,564 cc version, and in addition, a 4,680 cc and 5,720 cc models. These autos were a success even in sporting events. The first six-cylinder model, the Type M, 4,655 cc was produced in 1924.
August Horch left Audiwerke in 1920 for a position at the German ministry of transport, yet he was still involved with Audi as
a board of trustees member. During September 1921, Audi was the first German auto producer to build a production auto, the Audi Type K, with left-hand drive. Subsequently left-hand drive spread and became dominate in the 1920s since it gave a superior view of approaching traffic, making passing safer.
In the mid-to-late 1990s, Audi presented new advances including the utilization of aluminum construction. Delivered from 1999 through 2005, the Audi A2 was a super mini from the future., conceived from the Al2 idea, with numerous elements that recovered consumer confidence, such as the aluminum space frame, which was a first in production auto design. In the A2 Audi additionally extended their TDI innovation using economical three-cylinder engines. The A2 was amazingly aerodynamic and was designed using a wind tunnel. The Audi A2 was chastised for its high cost and was never truly a sales success yet it planted Audi as a cutting-edge producer. The model, a Mercedes-Benz A-Class contender, sold generally well in Europe. Nonetheless, the A2 was discontinued in 2005 and Audi chose not to deliver an immediate replacement.
The next major model change occured in 1995 when the Audi A4 took the place of the Audi 80. A new classification plan was applied to the Audi 100 which became the Audi A6 (with a minor facelift). This additionally implied the S4 turned into the S6 and another S4 was presented in the A4 body. The S2 subsequently was discontinued. The Audi Cabriolet proceeded on (in light of the Audi 80 platform) until 1999, picking up the engine upgrades en route. A new A3 hatchback version (sharing the Volkswagen Golf Mk4's platform) was announced in 1996, and the radical Audi TT coupe and roadster were debuted in 1998 in based upon similar underpinnings.
The available engines all through the range were a 1.4 L, 1.6 L along with a 1.8 L four-cylinder, 1.8 L four-cylinder turbo charged, 2.6 L and 2.8 L V6, 2.2 L turbo five-cylinder plus the 4.2 L V8 engine. In 1998, the V6s were supplanted by updated 2.4 L and 2.8 L 30V V6s, with marked power improvement along with torque and smoothness. Advance engines were added en route, including a new 3.7 L V8 and 6.0 L W12 engine in the A8.
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1923 Audi Type E
1949 Audi IFA F9
2003 Audi Quatro
2012 Audi A6
2017 Audi A3
Reviewed by Gene Wright on