Bavarian Motor Works), best known as its abbreviation
BMW manufactures German luxury vehicles, motorcycles, and engines. Established in 1916 with Headquarters in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. BMW is the owner of Mini cars and also owns Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW manufactures automobiles under the BMW Motorsport division and motorcycles using BMW Motorrad, and electric autos under the BMW i sub-brand and "iPerformance" models as a part of the regular BMW line. It is one of the top of the top selling luxury automakers in the world. The organization is a part of the Euro Stoxx 50 securities exchange index.
BMW was founded in 1917 after a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft manufacturing company. In 1918, After the end of World War I, BMW was compelled to stop making airplane engines by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. Subsequently, the organization began making motorcycles as the confinements of the treaty began to be lifted in 1923, and later began building autos in 1928–29.
The first auto which BMW successfully built and the auto which propelled BMW toward generatin automobiles was the Dixi, in based upon the Austin 7 with license from the Austin Motor Company of England
BMW's first noteworthy aircraft engine, and commercial product of any kind, was the BMW IIIa inline-six fluid cooled motor of 1918, known for efficient fuel economy and performance at high altitudes. Following German rearmament in the 1930s, the organization again started manufacturing aircraft motors for the Luftwaffe. The Munich factory took advantage of forced labor: foreigners, war prisoners Dachau concentration campo inmates. Among its successful World War II motor designs were the BMW 132 and 801 air-cooled radial engines, and the BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which was the power for the small, 1944–1945–era jet powered Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The 003 jet engine by BMW was initially tried as a prime engine in the Messerschmitt Me 262, the Me 262 V1 prototype, however in 1942 tests the BMW model motors failed on departure with just the standby Junkers Jumo 210 nose-mounted piston motor fueling it to a safe landing. The few Me 262 A-1b test versions utilized the more developed rendition of the 003 fly, recording an official top speed of 497 mph. The first four-engine jet aircraft ever flown were the 6th and eighth models of the Arado Ar 234 fly surveillance plane, which utilized BMW 003 planes for power. Through 1944 the 003's unwavering quality improved, making it an appropriate power plant for aircraft designs vieing for the Jägernotprogramm's light fighter contract. which was won over by the Heinkel He 162 Spatz design. Also under consideration was the The BMW 003 aviation turbojet 13] Towards the end of the Third Reich, some military aircraft projects were deveoped by BMW for the Luftwaffe, the Strahlbomber, the Schnellbomber and the Strahljäger, however none of these were ever built
In 1992, BMW obtained an extensive stake in California-based DesignworksUSA, an industrial studio which they completely took over in 1995. In 1994, BMW purchased the British Rover Group (which at the time comprised of the Rover, Land Rover and MG brands and along with the rights to retired brands including Austin and Morris), and possessed it for six years. By 2000, Rover was losing large amounts of money and BMW chose to sell them all. The MG and Rover brands were acquired by Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, and Land Rover was acquired by Ford. BMW, in the interim, held the rights to manufacture the new Mini, which was available by 2001.
The first BMW automobile was the BMW 3/15 built at first as a "Dixi" from 1927 and 1929 and then after BMW obtained the Dixi business contract in October 1928, in three ensuing renditions as BMWs from July 1929 until March 1932, when BMW surrendered the license under which the Austin designed autos were built. 9,307 Dixi 3/15s were made between 1927 and 1929, which was nearly the same number of autos as all the prior Dixi models together. 18,976 BMW 3/15s were built built from 1929 to 1932.
5 Series 1972-Current
The mid-size BMW 5 Series has been manufactured since 1972. It succeeded the 4-door sedans of the BMW New Class and is now in its seventh generation.
At first, the 5 Series only came in a sedan. The touring body style was added 1991 and the 5-door hatchback ("Grant Touring") was included 2009.
It is the second best selling model after the 3-Series and in produced around half of BMW's profits in 2010
The 5 millionth 5 Series was produced on January 29, 2008, a 530d Saloon in Carbon Black Metallic.
The 5 Series came by its name as being the fifth of the "new series" autos after the V-8 and Isetta era and was the sequal for the dated four-door New Class vehicles. The current BMW naming tradition started with the firstl 5 Series.
As of now, seven BMW 5 Series generations have followed each other:
1959 BMW 503
BMW 501 - 1952-1958
The BMW 501 was a luxury saloon fabricated from 1952 to 1958. Presented in 1951 at the initial Frankfurt Motor Show , the 501 was the automobile manufactured by BMW after World War II. The 501 and its variations, including the V8 powered BMW 502, were nicknamed "Rococo Angels" by the German public. The 502 was the first postwar German auto to be built with a V8 engine. Although the 501 and 502 models were discontinued in 1958, varieties of the model, with the same body and platform, were continued until 1963.
1953 BMW 501
1955 BMW 502
BMW New Six - 1968-1977
The BMW New Six was a full-size line of luxury sedans and GT coupes manufactured from 1968 to 1977. All models utilized the then-new M30 straight-6 engine.
The E3 sedan variant, which denoted BMW's return to the luxury full-size sedan market following a 5 year hiatus, was announced as a reaction to Mercedes-Benz's growing market segment. It was essential in establishing BMW as a luxury and sporting cars builder
The E9 2-coupe were manufactured alongside and racing renditions of the coupe enhancing BMW's auto racing reputation.
BMW 6 Series (E63)
The BMW 6 Series is a series of grand tourers. First was the E24, derived from original 7 Series, the BMW E23. The E24 was announced in 1976 to supplant the 3.0CS and 3.0CSi (E9). In 2003, 14 years after production stopped, BMW announced the all new E63/E64 which came as a convertible and a coupe, based upon the E60 5 Series chasis. Models were the 645Ci (later supplanted with the 650i) and the 630i, while themodel with the highest performance is the BMW M6. Released in 2011 for the 2012 model year, the third generation F12 and F13 6 series shared a platform and a few motors with the 5 Series (F10 and the 7 Series (F01), and presenting a four-door fastback coupe called a Gran Coupé.
1977 BMW 6 Series
2003 BMW 6 Series Coupe
2012 BMW 650 Coupe
BMW 7 Series - 1977-Current
The BMW 7 Series manufactured since 1977, is the successor to the E3 "New Six" sedan and is in its 6th generation. The 7 Series is the flagship BMW and is made as a sedan or extended limousine. It generally presents technologies and exterior designs before they trickle down to smaller BMW vehicles
The original 7 Series was powered by straight-6 petrol motors, and following generations have been included straight-6,
V8 and V12 motors with both non-turbo and turbocharging. Diesel engines have been incorporated into the 7 Series since 1995
1977 BMW 7 Series Door Sedan
1986 BMW 7 Series Door Sedan
2016 BMW 740i 4 Door Sedan
2017 BMW 7 Series
327 - 1937-1941
1939 BMW 327 Coupe
1940 BMW 327 Coupe
BMW 5 Series - 1972-present
1972 BMW 5 Series
1980 BMW 5 Series
1990 BMW 5 Series
2011 BMW 550i
2016 BMW 5 Series
BMW New Class - 1962-1977
The BMW New Class was a car line manufactured between 1962 and 1977. These models ensured the solvency of BMW's after the organization's 1950s financial crisis and established BMW's identity as sports sedans.
The initial New Class vehicle was the 1500, followed by the 1800, 1600 and the 2000.a compact 4-door executive auto with a new M10 (at first called M115) OHC 4-cylinder motor. The 2000C and 2000CS extravagance cars were added to the line in 1965.
Replacement of the New Class models started with the larger 2000C and 2000CS coupes, which were supplanted in 1969 by the 6-cylinder E9 2800CS. 4-door vehicles were replaced by the larger E12 5 Series in 1972.
The New Class coupes presented the Hofmeister kink which has been utilized on most BMW autos since. Another New Class vehicle is the iconic 02 Series, which are are shorter New Class sedans.
1962 BMW 1500
1970 BMW 2000
BMW 3 Series - 1975-Current
The BMW 3 Series is an executive compact auto produced since May 1975. It succeded the 02 Series and has been manufactured over six generations.
The first 3 Series was was only built as a 2-door sedan, although now the model range has since extended to incorporate a 4-door sedan, 2-door convertible, 2-door coupe, 5-door hatchback and a 5-door station wagon.
In 2013, the car and convertible models began to be badged as 4 Series, and the 3 Series go no longer incorporates these body styles.
The 3 Series is the best selling BMW model, representing around 30% of the BMW's yearly automobile sales total. The 3 Series has won various awards all through its history.
The M rendition of the 3 series, M3, began with the E30 M3 in 1988.
1975 BMW 3 Series
2017 BMW 3 Series Touring
BMW Motor Cars Through the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on